Key findings

Key findings of the HANCI-Africa 2017 are:

  • South Africa retains top spot, thanks to a stable performance. We observe a few changes in the data on the 22 indicators compared to HANCI-Africa 2016. Small reductions in spending on agriculture and health were accompanied by minor improvements in coverage rates of population having access to improved drinking water and sanitation services.
  • Malawi remains in second overall position, despite declining performance on 5 indicators.
  • Egypt is new in the top three, jumping up 9 ranks in the index. Egypt is strong on security of agricultural tenure, birth registration, and on agricultural research and extension services. It has close to near universal access to improved drinking water and high levels of sanitation coverage, and further improvements are still being made. While health spending has declined, Egypt witnessed a significant improvement in public spending on agriculture.
  • Mauritania is the fastest climber in the HANCI-Africa 2017, improving 19 ranks since the last edition of the index. This is attributed to amongst others stronger public spending on agriculture, and enhanced water and sanitation coverage rates.
  • Other fast improvers include Zimbabwe (+14 ranks); the Sudan (+13) and Niger and Cameroon (+10)
  • In contrast, Liberia (-19), Namibia (-15), Mozambique (-14), Benin (-10) and Ethiopia (-9) saw their ranks decline significantly. Liberia for instance saw significant drops in health spending, and vitamin coverage rates plummeting. For Namibia, scores on 7 indicators deteriorated over the period surveyed.