Key data for Zimbabwe

NCI9th HRCI29th HANCI12th
HANCI-Africa compares 45 African countries for their performance on 22 indicators of political commitment to reduce hunger and undernutrition. All the countries compared in the index have high rates of hunger and undernutrition. The comparative approach of the index means that country scores are calculated in relation to the political commitment of the other countries in the index.
Existing rates of: Stunting: 26.8% Wasting: 3.2% Proportion of population underweight: 3.2% Source: Government of Zimbabwe (DHS, 2015)

Strong Performance

  • The Government of Zimbabwe has ensured tenure security for rural populations. Land titling is common and land markets function well. Policy promotes equitable access to common property resources.
  • The National Nutrition Policy/Strategy identifies time bound nutrition targets and a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism has been set up.
  • Policymakers in Zimbabwe benefit from regular nutrition surveys that are statistically representative at national level. The last survey was published in 2015.
  • The Government has fully enshrined the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes into domestic law.
  • The Government of Zimbabwe promotes complementary feeding practices.
  • In Zimbabwe 93.7% of women aged 15-49 were visited at least once during pregnancy by skilled health personnel in 2014.
  • In Zimbabwe, constitutional protection of the right to food is strong.

Areas for improvement

  • Spending on agriculture (6% of public spending in 2016), does not meet government commitments set out in the African Union’s Maputo Declaration (10% of public spending).
  • Zimbabwe’s spending in its health sector (8.1% of public spending in 2015) does not fully meet (15%) commitments set out in the Abuja Declaration.
  • Extension services are the preserve of government and poor farmers have no say in setting policy priorities. The agricultural research and extension system is not properly reaching out to poor farmers. There is no policy promoting gender equity in access to extension services.
  • In Zimbabwe, the law gives women and men equal economic rights and equal legal access to agricultural land. However, these laws are not effectively enforced and discriminatory practices against women continue, increasing their vulnerability to hunger and undernutrition.
  • Relative to other HANCI countries, Zimbabwe’s medium/long term national development policy (Zimbabwe Medium Term Plan) places weak importance to nutrition.
  • The Government of Zimbabwe has achieved two high doses of vitamin A supplementation for only 45% of children in 2015.
  • Weak access to improved sanitation facilities (61% in 2017) obstructs better hunger and nutrition outcomes.
  • In Zimbabwe, constitutional protection of the right to social security is weak.
  • Social safety nets in Zimbabwe are basic and only cover few risks for a limited number of beneficiaries.

Hunger Reduction Commitment Index (HRCI)

Public Spending Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Public spending on agriculture as share of total public spending
?
6%2016Joint 20th
Public spending on health as share of total public spending
?
8.1%201516th
Policies Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Access to land (security of tenure)
?
Strong2016Joint 11th
Access to agricultural research and extension services
?
Weak2007Joint 42nd
Civil registration system — coverage of live births
?
32.3%201435th
Functioning of social protection systems
?
Weak2016Joint 21st
Laws Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Level of constitutional protection of the right to food
?
Strong2016Joint 1st
Equality of women’s access to agricultural land
?
In Law, not in Practice2014Joint 1st
Equality of women’s economic rights
?
In Law, not in Practice2014Joint 1st
Constitutional right to social security
?
No2013Joint 29th

Nutrition Commitment Index (NCI)

Public Spending Score Year NCI rank of 45
Separate budget for nutrition
?
Sectoral only2017Joint 17th
Policies Score Year NCI rank of 45
Vitamin A supplementation coverage for children
?
45%201533rd
Government promotes complementary feeding
?
Yes2014Joint 1st
Population with access to an improved water source
?
73%201732nd
Population with access to improved sanitation
?
61%20178th
Health care visits for pregnant women
?
93.7%201418th
Nutrition features in national development policy
?
Weak2011-201537th
National Nutrition Policy/Strategy
?
Yes2017Joint 1st
Multisector and multistakeholder policy coordination
?
Yes2017Joint 1st
Time bound nutrition targets
?
Yes2017Joint 1st
National nutrition survey in last 3 years
?
Yes2015Joint 1st
Laws Score Year NCI rank of 45
Enshrine ICBMS in domestic law
?
Fully Enshrined2016Joint 1st