Key data for Zambia

NCI4th HRCI40th HANCI24th
HANCI-Africa compares 45 African countries for their performance on 22 indicators of political commitment to reduce hunger and undernutrition. All the countries compared in the index have high rates of hunger and undernutrition. The comparative approach of the index means that country scores are calculated in relation to the political commitment of the other countries in the index.
Existing rates of: Stunting: 40% Wasting: 6.3% Proportion of population underweight: 6.3% Source: Government of Zambia (DHS, 2013-14)

Strong Performance

  • The Government encourages varied agricultural research and extension services, and local farmer organisations are involved in setting policy priorities. The extension system is effective and properly reaches out to poor farmers. Government policies, strategies and mechanisms seek to ensure gender equity in access to extension services.
  • Relative to other HANCI countries, Zambia’s medium/long term national development policy (7th Nacional Development Plan) assigns strong importance to nutrition.
  • Zambia instituted a separate budget line for nutrition, enabling transparency and accountability for spending.
  • The National Nutrition Policy/Strategy identifies time bound nutrition targets and a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism has been set up.
  • Policymakers in Zambia benefit from regular nutrition surveys that are statistically representative at national level. The last survey was published in 2013-2014.
  • The Government of Zambia promotes complementary feeding practices and has achieved two high doses of vitamin A supplementation for 93% of children in 2013.
  • In Zambia 95.7% of women aged 15-49 were visited at least once during pregnancy by skilled health personnel in 2013-2014.

Areas for improvement

  • Spending on agriculture (8.2% of public spending in 2016) is close to, yet not fully meeting government commitments set out in the African Union’s Maputo Declaration (10% of public spending).
  • Zambia’s spending in its health sector (6.8% of public spending in 2015) does not fully meet (15%) commitments set out in the Abuja Declaration.
  • In Zambia, law does neither give women economic rights or agricultural land access rights equal to men. This increases women and children’s vulnerability to hunger and undernutrition.
  • Weak access to an improved source of drinking water (67.1% in 2015) and an improved sanitation facility (31.1% in 2015) prevents positive outcomes for hunger and nutrition in Zambia.
  • In Zambia, constitutional protection of the right to food and the right to social security is weak.
  • Social safety nets in Zambia are basic and only cover few risks for a limited number of beneficiaries.
  • Civil registration rates are weak (11.3% in 2014) and potentially hold back children’s access to critical public services such as health and education.

Hunger Reduction Commitment Index (HRCI)

Public Spending Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Public spending on agriculture as share of total public spending
?
8.2%201614th
Public spending on health as share of total public spending
?
6.8%201523rd
Policies Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Access to land (security of tenure)
?
Moderate2016Joint 25th
Access to agricultural research and extension services
?
Strong2013Joint 14th
Civil registration system — coverage of live births
?
11.3%201444th
Functioning of social protection systems
?
Weak2016Joint 8th
Laws Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Level of constitutional protection of the right to food
?
Weak2016Joint 29th
Equality of women’s access to agricultural land
?
Not in Law2014Joint 41st
Equality of women’s economic rights
?
Not in Law2014Joint 26th
Constitutional right to social security
?
No2016Joint 29th

Nutrition Commitment Index (NCI)

Public Spending Score Year NCI rank of 45
Separate budget for nutrition
?
Yes2017Joint 1st
Policies Score Year NCI rank of 45
Vitamin A supplementation coverage for children
?
93%2013Joint 13th
Government promotes complementary feeding
?
Yes2014Joint 1st
Population with access to an improved water source
?
67.1%201537th
Population with access to improved sanitation
?
31.1%201526th
Health care visits for pregnant women
?
95.7%2013-201411th
Nutrition features in national development policy
?
Strong2017-202115th
National Nutrition Policy/Strategy
?
Yes2017Joint 1st
Multisector and multistakeholder policy coordination
?
Yes2017Joint 1st
Time bound nutrition targets
?
Yes2017Joint 1st
National nutrition survey in last 3 years
?
Yes2013-2014Joint 1st
Laws Score Year NCI rank of 45
Enshrine ICBMS in domestic law
?
Many Aspects Enshrined2016Joint 15th