Key data for Zambia

NCI10th HRCI36th HANCI17th
HANCI Africa compares 45 countries for their performance on 22 indicators of political commitment to reduce hunger and undernutrition. All the countries compared in the index have high rates of hunger and undernutrition. The comparative approach of the index means that country scores are calculated in relation to the political commitment of the other countries in the index.
Existing rates of: Stunting: 40.00% Wasting: 6.30% Proportion of population underweight: 14.80% Source: Gov. of Zambia (DHS, 2013)

Strong Performance

  • The Government encourages varied agricultural research and extension services, and local farmer organisations are involved in setting policy priorities. The extension system is effective and properly reaches out to poor farmers. Government policies, strategies and mechanisms seek to ensure gender equity in access to extension services.
  • Zambia instituted a separate budget line for nutrition, enabling transparency and accountability for spending.
  • The National Nutrition Policy/Strategy identifies time bound nutrition targets and a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism has been set up.
  • Policymakers in Zambia benefit from regular nutrition surveys that are statistically representative at national level. The last survey was published in 2013-2014.
  • The Government of Zambia promotes complementary feeding practices and has achieved two high doses of vitamin A supplementation for 93% of children in 2013.
  • In Zambia 95.7% of women aged 15-49 were visited at least once during pregnancy by skilled health personnel in 2014.

Areas for improvement

  • Spending on agriculture (9.45% of public spending in 2014) is close to, yet not fully meeting government commitments set out in the African Union’s Maputo Declaration (10% of public spending).
  • Zambia’s spending in its health sector (11.3% of public spending in 2014) is close to, yet not fully meeting government commitments set out in the African Union's Abuja Declaration (15% of public spending).
  • In Zambia, law does neither give women economic rights or agricultural land access rights equal to men. This increases women and children's vulnerability to hunger and undernutrition.
  • Weak access to an improved source of drinking water (65.4% in 2015) and an improved sanitation facility (43.9% in 2015) prevents positive outcomes for hunger and nutrition in Zambia.
  • In Zambia, constitutional protection of the right to food and the right to social security is weak.
  • Social safety nets in Zambia are basic and only cover few risks for a limited number of beneficiaries.
  • Civil registration rates are weak (11.3% in 2014) and potentially hold back children’s access to critical public services such as health and education.

Hunger Reduction Commitment Index (HRCI)

Public Spending Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Public spending on agriculture as share of total public spending
?
9.45%20146th
Public spending on health as share of total public spending
?
11.3%201416th
Policies Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Access to land (security of tenure)
?
Moderate201421st
Access to agricultural research and extension services
?
Strong201314th
Civil registration system — coverage of live births
?
11.3%201444th
Functioning of social protection systems
?
Weak20168th
Laws Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Level of constitutional protection of the right to food
?
Weak201631st
Equality of women’s access to agricultural land
?
In Law, not in Practice201441st
Equality of women’s economic rights
?
Not in Law201126th
Constitutional right to social security
?
No201628th

Nutrition Commitment Index (NCI)

Public Spending Score Year NCI rank of 45
Separate budget for nutrition
?
Yes20151st
Policies Score Year NCI rank of 45
Vitamin A supplementation coverage for children
?
93.0%201318th
Government promotes complementary feeding
?
Yes20141st
Population with access to an improved water source
?
65.4%201532nd
Population with access to improved sanitation
?
43.9%201515th
Health care visits for pregnant women
?
95.7%201413th
Nutrition features in national development policy
?
Moderate2013-201625th
National Nutrition Policy/Strategy
?
Yes20151st
Multisector and multistakeholder policy coordination
?
Yes20151st
Time bound nutrition targets
?
Yes20141st
National nutrition survey in last 3 years
?
Yes2013-20141st
Laws Score Year NCI rank of 45
Enshrine ICBMS in domestic law
?
Many Aspects Enshrined201615th