Key data for Swaziland

NCI15th HRCI26th HANCI17th
HANCI-Africa compares 45 African countries for their performance on 22 indicators of political commitment to reduce hunger and undernutrition. All the countries compared in the index have high rates of hunger and undernutrition. The comparative approach of the index means that country scores are calculated in relation to the political commitment of the other countries in the index.
Existing rates of: Stunting: 25.5% Wasting: 2% Proportion of population underweight: 2% Source: Government of Swaziland (MICS5, 2014)

Strong Performance

  • Swaziland instituted a separate budget line for nutrition, enabling transparency and accountability for spending.
  • The National Nutrition Policy/Strategy identifies time bound nutrition targets and a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism has been set up.
  • Policymakers in Swaziland benefit from regular nutrition surveys that are statistically representative at national level. The last survey was published in 2014.
  • The Government of Swaziland promotes complementary feeding practices.
  • In Swaziland 98.5% of women aged 15-49 were visited at least once during pregnancy by skilled health personnel in 2014.

Areas for improvement

  • Spending on agriculture (3.3% of public spending in 2016), does not meet government commitments set out in the African Union’s Maputo Declaration (10% of public spending).
  • Swaziland’s spending in its health sector (14.9% of public spending in 2015) is close to, yet not fully meeting government commitments set out in the African Union’s Abuja Declaration (15% of public spending).
  • In Swaziland, the law does not give women economic rights equal to men. Men and women have equal legal access to agricultural land, but this is not effectively enforced and discriminatory practices against women continue, increasing their vulnerability to hunger and undernutrition.
  • The Government of Swaziland has not enshrined the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes into domestic law.
  • The Government of Swaziland has achieved two high doses of vitamin A supplementation for only 43% of children in 2014.
  • Weak access to improved sanitation facilities (58% in 2015) obstructs better hunger and nutrition outcomes.
  • In Swaziland, constitutional protection of the right to food and the right to social security is weak.
  • Social safety nets in Swaziland are basic and only cover few risks for a limited number of beneficiaries.
  • Civil registration rates are weak (53.5% in 2014) and potentially hold back children’s access to critical public services such as health and education.

Hunger Reduction Commitment Index (HRCI)

Public Spending Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Public spending on agriculture as share of total public spending
?
3.3%201633rd
Public spending on health as share of total public spending
?
14.9%20153rd
Policies Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Access to land (security of tenure)
?
Moderate2014Joint 19th
Access to agricultural research and extension services
?
Moderate2013Joint 29th
Civil registration system — coverage of live births
?
53.5%201432nd
Functioning of social protection systems
?
Weak2014Joint 8th
Laws Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Level of constitutional protection of the right to food
?
Weak2016Joint 29th
Equality of women’s access to agricultural land
?
In Law, not in Practice2014Joint 1st
Equality of women’s economic rights
?
Not in Law2014Joint 26th
Constitutional right to social security
?
No2017Joint 29th

Nutrition Commitment Index (NCI)

Public Spending Score Year NCI rank of 45
Separate budget for nutrition
?
Yes2016Joint 1st
Policies Score Year NCI rank of 45
Vitamin A supplementation coverage for children
?
43%201434th
Government promotes complementary feeding
?
Yes2014Joint 1st
Population with access to an improved water source
?
75.2%201530th
Population with access to improved sanitation
?
58%201510th
Health care visits for pregnant women
?
98.5%20143rd
Nutrition features in national development policy
?
Moderate2013-201820th
National Nutrition Policy/Strategy
?
Yes2014Joint 1st
Multisector and multistakeholder policy coordination
?
Yes2015Joint 1st
Time bound nutrition targets
?
Yes2017Joint 1st
National nutrition survey in last 3 years
?
Yes2014Joint 1st
Laws Score Year NCI rank of 45
Enshrine ICBMS in domestic law
?
Not Enshrined in Law2016Joint 33rd