Key data for Sudan

NCI43rd HRCI40th HANCI45th
HANCI Africa compares 45 countries for their performance on 22 indicators of political commitment to reduce hunger and undernutrition. All the countries compared in the index have high rates of hunger and undernutrition. The comparative approach of the index means that country scores are calculated in relation to the political commitment of the other countries in the index.
Existing rates of: Stunting: 38.20% Wasting: 16.30% Proportion of population underweight: 33.00% Source: Gov. of Sudan (MICS, 2014)

Strong Performance

  • Sudan has devised a National Nutrition Policy/Strategy.
  • Policymakers in Sudan benefit from regular nutrition surveys that are statistically representative at national level. The last survey was published in 2014.
  • The Government of Sudan promotes complementary feeding practices and has achieved two high doses of vitamin A supplementation for 99% of children in 2014.
  • In Sudan, constitutional protection of the right to social security is strong.

Areas for improvement

  • Spending on agriculture (2.21% of public spending in 2014), does not meet government commitments set out in the African Union’s Maputo Declaration (10% of public spending).
  • Sudan’s spending in its health sector (11.6% of public spending in 2014) is close to, yet not fully meeting government commitments set out in the African Union's Abuja Declaration (15% of public spending).
  • In Sudan, law does neither give women economic rights or agricultural land access rights equal to men. This increases women and children's vulnerability to hunger and undernutrition.
  • Relative to other HANCI countries, Sudan's medium/long term national development policy (The Five-Year Plan) places weak importance to nutrition.
  • Sudan does not have a separate budget line for nutrition; this prevents transparency and accountability for spending.
  • Even though Sudan has developed a National Nutrition Policy/Strategy, clear time-bound nutrition targets and a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism are still lacking.
  • Weak access to an improved source of drinking water (55.5% in 2014) and an improved sanitation facility (23.6% in 2014) prevents positive outcomes for hunger and nutrition in Sudan.
  • In Sudan, constitutional protection of the right to food is weak.
  • The Government of Sudan does not provide social safety nets.

Hunger Reduction Commitment Index (HRCI)

Public Spending Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Public spending on agriculture as share of total public spending
?
2.21%201435th
Public spending on health as share of total public spending
?
11.6%201415th
Policies Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Access to land (security of tenure)
?
Moderate201420th
Access to agricultural research and extension services
?
Moderate201321st
Civil registration system — coverage of live births
?
59.3%201028th
Functioning of social protection systems
?
Weak201643rd
Laws Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Level of constitutional protection of the right to food
?
Weak201131st
Equality of women’s access to agricultural land
?
In Law, not in Practice201441st
Equality of women’s economic rights
?
Not in Law201126th
Constitutional right to social security
?
Yes20061st

Nutrition Commitment Index (NCI)

Public Spending Score Year NCI rank of 45
Separate budget for nutrition
?
Sectoral only201229th
Policies Score Year NCI rank of 45
Vitamin A supplementation coverage for children
?
99.0%20142nd
Government promotes complementary feeding
?
Yes20101st
Population with access to an improved water source
?
55.5%201440th
Population with access to improved sanitation
?
23.6%201429th
Health care visits for pregnant women
?
79.1%201439th
Nutrition features in national development policy
?
Weak2007–201135th
National Nutrition Policy/Strategy
?
Yes20151st
Multisector and multistakeholder policy coordination
?
No201236th
Time bound nutrition targets
?
No201232nd
National nutrition survey in last 3 years
?
Yes20141st
Laws Score Year NCI rank of 45
Enshrine ICBMS in domestic law
?
Few Aspects Enshrined201628th