Key data for Sudan

NCI29th HRCI27th HANCI32nd
HANCI-Africa compares 45 African countries for their performance on 22 indicators of political commitment to reduce hunger and undernutrition. All the countries compared in the index have high rates of hunger and undernutrition. The comparative approach of the index means that country scores are calculated in relation to the political commitment of the other countries in the index.
Existing rates of: Stunting: 38.2% Wasting: 16.3% Proportion of population underweight: 16.3% Source: Government of Sudan (MICS, 2014)

Strong Performance

  • Spending on agriculture (13.4% of public spending in 2016) meets government commitments set out in the African Union’s Maputo Declaration (10% of public spending).
  • Sudan’s spending in its health sector (18.1% of public spending in 2015) exceeds commitment (15%) set out in the Abuja Declaration.
  • The National Nutrition Policy/Strategy identifies time bound nutrition targets and a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism has been set up.
  • Policymakers in Sudan benefit from regular nutrition surveys that are statistically representative at national level. The last survey was published in 2014.
  • The Government of Sudan promotes complementary feeding practices.
  • In Sudan, constitutional protection of the right to social security is strong.

Areas for improvement

  • In Sudan, law does neither give women economic rights or agricultural land access rights equal to men. This increases women and children’s vulnerability to hunger and undernutrition.
  • Relative to other HANCI countries, Sudan’s medium/long term national development policy (The Five-Year Plan) places weak importance to nutrition.
  • Weak access to an improved source of drinking water (68% in 2014) and an improved sanitation facility (32.9% in 2014) prevents positive outcomes for hunger and nutrition in Sudan.
  • In Sudan, constitutional protection of the right to food is weak.
  • The Government of Sudan does not provide social safety nets.
  • Civil registration rates are weak (67.3% in 2014) and potentially hold back children’s access to critical public services such as health and education.

Hunger Reduction Commitment Index (HRCI)

Public Spending Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Public spending on agriculture as share of total public spending
Public spending on health as share of total public spending
Policies Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Access to land (security of tenure)
Moderate2016Joint 19th
Access to agricultural research and extension services
Moderate2013Joint 21st
Civil registration system — coverage of live births
Functioning of social protection systems
Very Weak2016Joint 43rd
Laws Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Level of constitutional protection of the right to food
Weak2016Joint 29th
Equality of women’s access to agricultural land
Not in Law2014Joint 41st
Equality of women’s economic rights
Not in Law2014Joint 26th
Constitutional right to social security
Yes2006Joint 1st

Nutrition Commitment Index (NCI)

Public Spending Score Year NCI rank of 45
Separate budget for nutrition
Sectoral only2017Joint 17th
Policies Score Year NCI rank of 45
Vitamin A supplementation coverage for children
72%2015Joint 22nd
Government promotes complementary feeding
Yes2010Joint 1st
Population with access to an improved water source
Population with access to improved sanitation
Health care visits for pregnant women
Nutrition features in national development policy
Weak2007-2011Joint 38th
National Nutrition Policy/Strategy
Yes2017Joint 1st
Multisector and multistakeholder policy coordination
Yes2017Joint 1st
Time bound nutrition targets
Yes2017Joint 1st
National nutrition survey in last 3 years
Yes2014Joint 1st
Laws Score Year NCI rank of 45
Enshrine ICBMS in domestic law
Few Aspects Enshrined2016Joint 28th