Key data for South Africa

NCI4th HRCI1st HANCI1st
HANCI Africa compares 45 countries for their performance on 22 indicators of political commitment to reduce hunger and undernutrition. All the countries compared in the index have high rates of hunger and undernutrition. The comparative approach of the index means that country scores are calculated in relation to the political commitment of the other countries in the index.
Existing rates of: Stunting: 26.90% Wasting: 3.80% Proportion of population underweight: 8.20% Source: Gov. of South Africa (SANHANES, 2013)

Strong Performance

  • Government of South Africa has ensured tenure security for rural populations. Land titling is common and land markets function well. Policy promotes equitable access to common property resources.
  • South Africa instituted a separate budget line for nutrition, enabling transparency and accountability for spending.
  • South Africa has devised a National Nutrition Policy/Strategy.
  • Policymakers in South Africa benefit from regular nutrition surveys that are statistically representative at national level. The last survey was published in 2016.
  • The Government has fully enshrined the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes into domestic law.
  • The Government of South Africa promotes complementary feeding practices.
  • 93.2% of the population of South Africa in 2015 has access to an improved drinking water source.
  • In South Africa 97.1% of women aged 15-49 were visited at least once during pregnancy by skilled health personnel in 2008.
  • In South Africa, constitutional protection of the right to food and the right to social security is strong.

Areas for improvement

  • Spending on agriculture (1.51% of public spending in 2014), does not meet government commitments set out in the African Union’s Maputo Declaration (10% of public spending).
  • South Africa’s spending in its health sector (14.2% of public spending in 2014) is close to, yet not fully meeting government commitments set out in the African Union's Abuja Declaration (15% of public spending).
  • In South Africa, the law gives women and men equal economic rights and equal legal access to agricultural land. However, these laws are not effectively enforced and discriminatory practices against women continue, increasing their vulnerability to hunger and undernutrition.
  • Even though South Africa has developed a National Nutrition Policy/Strategy and clear time-bound nutrition targets, a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism is still lacking.
  • The Government of South Africa has only achieved two high doses of vitamin A supplementation for 42% of children in 2013.
  • Weak access to improved sanitation facilities (66.4% in 2015) obstructs better hunger and nutrition outcomes.

Hunger Reduction Commitment Index (HRCI)

Public Spending Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Public spending on agriculture as share of total public spending
?
1.51%201440th
Public spending on health as share of total public spending
?
14.2%20145th
Policies Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Access to land (security of tenure)
?
Strong20149th
Access to agricultural research and extension services
?
Moderate201329th
Civil registration system — coverage of live births
?
85.0%201210th
Functioning of social protection systems
?
Moderate20163rd
Laws Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Level of constitutional protection of the right to food
?
Strong20111st
Equality of women’s access to agricultural land
?
In Law, not in Practice20141st
Equality of women’s economic rights
?
In Law, not in Practice20117th
Constitutional right to social security
?
Yes20061st

Nutrition Commitment Index (NCI)

Public Spending Score Year NCI rank of 45
Separate budget for nutrition
?
Yes20141st
Policies Score Year NCI rank of 45
Vitamin A supplementation coverage for children
?
42.0%201336th
Government promotes complementary feeding
?
Yes20101st
Population with access to an improved water source
?
93.2%20155th
Population with access to improved sanitation
?
66.4%20156th
Health care visits for pregnant women
?
97.1%20087th
Nutrition features in national development policy
?
Moderate203017th
National Nutrition Policy/Strategy
?
Yes20151st
Multisector and multistakeholder policy coordination
?
No201436th
Time bound nutrition targets
?
Yes20141st
National nutrition survey in last 3 years
?
Yes20161st
Laws Score Year NCI rank of 45
Enshrine ICBMS in domestic law
?
Fully enshrined20161st