Key data for Nigeria

NCI31st HRCI37th HANCI37th
HANCI Africa compares 45 countries for their performance on 22 indicators of political commitment to reduce hunger and undernutrition. All the countries compared in the index have high rates of hunger and undernutrition. The comparative approach of the index means that country scores are calculated in relation to the political commitment of the other countries in the index.
Existing rates of: Stunting: 32.90% Wasting: 7.90% Proportion of population underweight: 19.80% Source: Gov. of Nigeria (National Nutrition and Health Survey, 2014)

Strong Performance

  • The National Nutrition Policy/Strategy identifies time bound nutrition targets and a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism has been set up.
  • Policymakers in Nigeria benefit from regular nutrition surveys that are statistically representative at national level. The last survey was published in 2015.
  • The Government of Nigeria promotes complementary feeding practices.
  • In Nigeria, constitutional protection of the right to social security is strong.

Areas for improvement

  • Spending on agriculture (3.05% of public spending in 2014), does not meet government commitments set out in the African Union’s Maputo Declaration (10% of public spending).
  • Nigeria’s spending in its health sector (8.2% of public spending in 2014) does not fully meet (15%) commitments set out in the Abuja Declaration.
  • In Nigeria, the law does not give women economic rights equal to men. Men and women have equal legal access to agricultural land, but this is not effectively enforced and discriminatory practices against women continue, increasing their vulnerability to hunger and undernutrition.
  • Relative to other HANCI countries, Nigeria's medium/long term national development policy (Nigeria Vision 20: 2020) places weak importance to nutrition.
  • Nigeria does not have a separate budget line for nutrition; this prevents transparency and accountability for spending.
  • Weak access to an improved source of drinking water (68.5% in 2015) and an improved sanitation facility (29% in 2015) prevents positive outcomes for hunger and nutrition in Nigeria.
  • In Nigeria only 60.6% of women aged 15-49 were visited at least once during pregnancy by skilled health personnel in 2013.
  • In Nigeria, constitutional protection of the right to food is weak.
  • Social safety nets in Nigeria are basic and only cover few risks for a limited number of beneficiaries.

Hunger Reduction Commitment Index (HRCI)

Public Spending Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Public spending on agriculture as share of total public spending
Public spending on health as share of total public spending
Policies Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Access to land (security of tenure)
Access to agricultural research and extension services
Civil registration system — coverage of live births
Functioning of social protection systems
Laws Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Level of constitutional protection of the right to food
Equality of women’s access to agricultural land
In Law, not in Practice20141st
Equality of women’s economic rights
Not in Law201126th
Constitutional right to social security

Nutrition Commitment Index (NCI)

Public Spending Score Year NCI rank of 45
Separate budget for nutrition
Sectoral only201529th
Policies Score Year NCI rank of 45
Vitamin A supplementation coverage for children
Government promotes complementary feeding
Population with access to an improved water source
Population with access to improved sanitation
Health care visits for pregnant women
Nutrition features in national development policy
National Nutrition Policy/Strategy
Multisector and multistakeholder policy coordination
Time bound nutrition targets
National nutrition survey in last 3 years
Laws Score Year NCI rank of 45
Enshrine ICBMS in domestic law
Many Aspects Enshrined201615th