Key data for Niger

NCI19th HRCI25th HANCI22nd
HANCI Africa compares 45 countries for their performance on 22 indicators of political commitment to reduce hunger and undernutrition. All the countries compared in the index have high rates of hunger and undernutrition. The comparative approach of the index means that country scores are calculated in relation to the political commitment of the other countries in the index.
Existing rates of: Stunting: 43.00% Wasting: 18.70% Proportion of population underweight: 37.90% Source: Gov. of Niger (DHS and MICS, 2012)

Strong Performance

  • The Government encourages varied agricultural research and extension services, and local farmer organisations are involved in setting policy priorities. The extension system is effective and properly reaches out to poor farmers. Government policies, strategies and mechanisms seek to ensure gender equity in access to extension services.
  • Relative to other HANCI countries, Niger's medium/long term national development policy (Plan de Développement Economique et social (PDES)) assigns strong importance to nutrition.
  • Niger instituted a separate budget line for nutrition, enabling transparency and accountability for spending.
  • The National Nutrition Policy/Strategy identifies time bound nutrition targets and a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism has been set up.
  • The Government of Niger promotes complementary feeding practices and has achieved two high doses of vitamin A supplementation for 95% of children in 2014.
  • In Niger, constitutional protection of the right to food is strong.

Areas for improvement

  • Spending on agriculture (9.2% of public spending in 2014) is close to, yet not fully meeting government commitments set out in the African Union’s Maputo Declaration (10% of public spending).
  • Niger’s spending in its health sector (7.6% of public spending in 2014) does not fully meet (15%) commitments set out in the Abuja Declaration.
  • In Niger, the law gives women and men equal economic rights and equal legal access to agricultural land. However, these laws are not effectively enforced and discriminatory practices against women continue, increasing their vulnerability to hunger and undernutrition.
  • Policymakers in Niger do not benefit from regular nutrition surveys that are statistically representative at national level. The last survey was published in 2012.
  • Weak access to an improved source of drinking water (58.2% in 2015) and an improved sanitation facility (10.9% in 2015) prevents positive outcomes for hunger and nutrition in Niger.
  • In Niger, constitutional protection of the right to social security is weak.
  • Social safety nets in Niger are basic and only cover few risks for a limited number of beneficiaries.
  • Civil registration rates are weak (63.9% in 2012) and potentially hold back children’s access to critical public services such as health and education.

Hunger Reduction Commitment Index (HRCI)

Public Spending Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Public spending on agriculture as share of total public spending
?
9.20%20147th
Public spending on health as share of total public spending
?
7.6%201436th
Policies Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Access to land (security of tenure)
?
Moderate201433rd
Access to agricultural research and extension services
?
Strong201314th
Civil registration system — coverage of live births
?
63.9%201222nd
Functioning of social protection systems
?
Weak201620th
Laws Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Level of constitutional protection of the right to food
?
Strong20141st
Equality of women’s access to agricultural land
?
In Law, not in Practice20141st
Equality of women’s economic rights
?
In Law, not in Practice20117th
Constitutional right to social security
?
No201228th

Nutrition Commitment Index (NCI)

Public Spending Score Year NCI rank of 45
Separate budget for nutrition
?
Yes20151st
Policies Score Year NCI rank of 45
Vitamin A supplementation coverage for children
?
95.0%201416th
Government promotes complementary feeding
?
Yes20101st
Population with access to an improved water source
?
58.2%201536th
Population with access to improved sanitation
?
10.9%201545th
Health care visits for pregnant women
?
82.8%201234th
Nutrition features in national development policy
?
Strong2012-20159th
National Nutrition Policy/Strategy
?
Yes20151st
Multisector and multistakeholder policy coordination
?
Yes20151st
Time bound nutrition targets
?
Yes20141st
National nutrition survey in last 3 years
?
No201235th
Laws Score Year NCI rank of 45
Enshrine ICBMS in domestic law
?
Many Aspects Enshrined201615th