Key data for Namibia

NCI23rd HRCI3rd HANCI9th
HANCI Africa compares 45 countries for their performance on 22 indicators of political commitment to reduce hunger and undernutrition. All the countries compared in the index have high rates of hunger and undernutrition. The comparative approach of the index means that country scores are calculated in relation to the political commitment of the other countries in the index.
Existing rates of: Stunting: 23.10% Wasting: 7.10% Proportion of population underweight: 13.20% Source: Gov. of Namibia (DHS, 2013)

Strong Performance

  • The National Nutrition Policy/Strategy identifies time bound nutrition targets and a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism has been set up.
  • Policymakers in Namibia benefit from regular nutrition surveys that are statistically representative at national level. The last survey was published in 2013.
  • The Government of Namibia promotes complementary feeding practices.
  • 91% of the population of Namibia in 2015 has access to an improved drinking water source.
  • In Namibia 96.6% of women aged 15-49 were visited at least once during pregnancy by skilled health personnel in 2013.
  • In Namibia, constitutional protection of the right to social security is strong.

Areas for improvement

  • Spending on agriculture (4.95% of public spending in 2014), does not meet government commitments set out in the African Union’s Maputo Declaration (10% of public spending).
  • Namibia’s spending in its health sector (13.9% of public spending in 2014) is close to, yet not fully meeting government commitments set out in the African Union's Abuja Declaration (15% of public spending).
  • In Namibia, the law gives women and men equal economic rights and equal legal access to agricultural land. However, these laws are not effectively enforced and discriminatory practices against women continue, increasing their vulnerability to hunger and undernutrition.
  • The Government of Namibia has not enshrined the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes into domestic law.
  • The Government of Namibia has only achieved two high doses of vitamin A supplementation for 62% of children in 2013.
  • Weak access to improved sanitation facilities (34.4% in 2015) obstructs better hunger and nutrition outcomes.

Hunger Reduction Commitment Index (HRCI)

Public Spending Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Public spending on agriculture as share of total public spending
?
4.95%201422nd
Public spending on health as share of total public spending
?
13.9%20147th
Policies Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Access to land (security of tenure)
?
Moderate200921st
Access to agricultural research and extension services
?
Moderate200437th
Civil registration system — coverage of live births
?
87.1%20139th
Functioning of social protection systems
?
Moderate20163rd
Laws Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Level of constitutional protection of the right to food
?
Moderate20068th
Equality of women’s access to agricultural land
?
In Law, not in Practice20141st
Equality of women’s economic rights
?
In Law, not in Practice20117th
Constitutional right to social security
?
Yes20061st

Nutrition Commitment Index (NCI)

Public Spending Score Year NCI rank of 45
Separate budget for nutrition
?
Sectoral only201418th
Policies Score Year NCI rank of 45
Vitamin A supplementation coverage for children
?
62.0%201330th
Government promotes complementary feeding
?
Yes20111st
Population with access to an improved water source
?
91.0%20158th
Population with access to improved sanitation
?
34.4%201522nd
Health care visits for pregnant women
?
96.6%20139th
Nutrition features in national development policy
?
Moderate2012-201726th
National Nutrition Policy/Strategy
?
Yes20111st
Multisector and multistakeholder policy coordination
?
Yes20151st
Time bound nutrition targets
?
Yes20151st
National nutrition survey in last 3 years
?
Yes20131st
Laws Score Year NCI rank of 45
Enshrine ICBMS in domestic law
?
Not Enshrined in Law201633rd