Key data for Namibia

NCI34th HRCI12th HANCI24th
HANCI-Africa compares 45 African countries for their performance on 22 indicators of political commitment to reduce hunger and undernutrition. All the countries compared in the index have high rates of hunger and undernutrition. The comparative approach of the index means that country scores are calculated in relation to the political commitment of the other countries in the index.
Existing rates of: Stunting: 23.1% Wasting: 7.1% Proportion of population underweight: 7.1% Source: Government of Namibia (DHS, 2013)

Strong Performance

  • The National Nutrition Policy/Strategy identifies time bound nutrition targets and a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism has been set up.
  • The Government of Namibia promotes complementary feeding practices.
  • In Namibia 96.6% of women aged 15-49 were visited at least once during pregnancy by skilled health personnel in 2013.
  • In Namibia, constitutional protection of the right to social security is strong.

Areas for improvement

  • Spending on agriculture (4.6% of public spending in 2016), does not meet government commitments set out in the African Union’s Maputo Declaration (10% of public spending).
  • Namibia’s spending in its health sector (12.9% of public spending in 2015) is close to, yet not fully meeting government commitments set out in the African Union’s Abuja Declaration (15% of public spending).
  • The Government of Namibia has not ensured tenure security for rural populations. Land titling is weak and land markets do not function well.
  • In Namibia, the law gives women and men equal economic rights and equal legal access to agricultural land. However, these laws are not effectively enforced and discriminatory practices against women continue, increasing their vulnerability to hunger and undernutrition.
  • Policymakers in Namibia do not benefit from regular nutrition surveys that are statistically representative at national level. The last survey was published in 2013.
  • The Government of Namibia has not enshrined the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes into domestic law.
  • The Government of Namibia has achieved two high doses of vitamin A supplementation for only 62% of children in 2013.
  • Weak access to improved sanitation facilities (33.8% in 2015) obstructs better hunger and nutrition outcomes.
  • In Namibia, constitutional protection of the right to food is weak.

Hunger Reduction Commitment Index (HRCI)

Public Spending Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Public spending on agriculture as share of total public spending
?
4.6%201626th
Public spending on health as share of total public spending
?
12.9%20156th
Policies Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Access to land (security of tenure)
?
Weak201642nd
Access to agricultural research and extension services
?
Moderate2004Joint 37th
Civil registration system — coverage of live births
?
87.1%201310th
Functioning of social protection systems
?
Moderate2016Joint 3rd
Laws Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Level of constitutional protection of the right to food
?
Weak2016Joint 29th
Equality of women’s access to agricultural land
?
In Law, not in Practice2014Joint 1st
Equality of women’s economic rights
?
In Law, not in Practice2014Joint 1st
Constitutional right to social security
?
Yes2006Joint 1st

Nutrition Commitment Index (NCI)

Public Spending Score Year NCI rank of 45
Separate budget for nutrition
?
Sectoral only2017Joint 17th
Policies Score Year NCI rank of 45
Vitamin A supplementation coverage for children
?
62%2013Joint 28th
Government promotes complementary feeding
?
Yes2011Joint 1st
Population with access to an improved water source
?
85.1%201514th
Population with access to improved sanitation
?
33.8%201522nd
Health care visits for pregnant women
?
96.6%20137th
Nutrition features in national development policy
?
Moderate2018-202224th
National Nutrition Policy/Strategy
?
Yes2017Joint 1st
Multisector and multistakeholder policy coordination
?
Yes2017Joint 1st
Time bound nutrition targets
?
Yes2016Joint 1st
National nutrition survey in last 3 years
?
No2013Joint 36th
Laws Score Year NCI rank of 45
Enshrine ICBMS in domestic law
?
Not Enshrined in Law2016Joint 33rd