Key data for Mozambique

NCI30th HRCI27th HANCI33rd
HANCI-Africa compares 45 African countries for their performance on 22 indicators of political commitment to reduce hunger and undernutrition. All the countries compared in the index have high rates of hunger and undernutrition. The comparative approach of the index means that country scores are calculated in relation to the political commitment of the other countries in the index.
Existing rates of: Stunting: 43.1% Wasting: 6.1% Proportion of population underweight: 6.1% Source: Government of Mozambique (DHS, 2011)

Strong Performance

  • The Government of Mozambique has ensured tenure security for rural populations. Land titling is common and land markets function well. Policy promotes equitable access to common property resources.
  • The Government encourages varied agricultural research and extension services, and local farmer organisations are involved in setting policy priorities. The extension system is effective and properly reaches out to poor farmers. Government policies, strategies and mechanisms seek to ensure gender equity in access to extension services.
  • The National Nutrition Policy/Strategy identifies time bound nutrition targets and a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism has been set up.
  • The Government has fully enshrined the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes into domestic law.
  • The Government of Mozambique promotes complementary feeding practices and has achieved two high doses of vitamin A supplementation for 99% of children in 2015.
  • In Mozambique 90.6% of women aged 15-49 were visited at least once during pregnancy by skilled health personnel in 2011.

Areas for improvement

  • Spending on agriculture (6.9% of public spending in 2016), does not meet government commitments set out in the African Union’s Maputo Declaration (10% of public spending).
  • Mozambique’s spending in its health sector (1.2% of public spending in 2015) does not fully meet (15%) commitments set out in the Abuja Declaration.
  • In Mozambique, the law gives women and men equal economic rights and equal legal access to agricultural land. However, these laws are not effectively enforced and discriminatory practices against women continue, increasing their vulnerability to hunger and undernutrition.
  • Mozambique does not have a separate budget line for nutrition; this prevents transparency and accountability for spending.
  • Policymakers in Mozambique do not benefit from regular nutrition surveys that are statistically representative at national level. The last survey was published in 2011.
  • Weak access to an improved source of drinking water (61.5% in 2015) and an improved sanitation facility (23.6% in 2015) prevents positive outcomes for hunger and nutrition in Mozambique.
  • In Mozambique, constitutional protection of the right to social security is weak.
  • Social safety nets in Mozambique are basic and only cover few risks for a limited number of beneficiaries.
  • Civil registration rates are weak (47.9% in 2011) and potentially hold back children’s access to critical public services such as health and education.

Hunger Reduction Commitment Index (HRCI)

Public Spending Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Public spending on agriculture as share of total public spending
?
6.9%2016Joint 18th
Public spending on health as share of total public spending
?
1.2%201545th
Policies Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Access to land (security of tenure)
?
Strong2016Joint 7th
Access to agricultural research and extension services
?
Strong2013Joint 5th
Civil registration system — coverage of live births
?
47.9%201133rd
Functioning of social protection systems
?
Weak2016Joint 21st
Laws Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Level of constitutional protection of the right to food
?
Moderate2017Joint 8th
Equality of women’s access to agricultural land
?
In Law, not in Practice2014Joint 1st
Equality of women’s economic rights
?
In Law, not in Practice2014Joint 1st
Constitutional right to social security
?
No2012Joint 29th

Nutrition Commitment Index (NCI)

Public Spending Score Year NCI rank of 45
Separate budget for nutrition
?
No2017Joint 33rd
Policies Score Year NCI rank of 45
Vitamin A supplementation coverage for children
?
99%2015Joint 2nd
Government promotes complementary feeding
?
Yes2014Joint 1st
Population with access to an improved water source
?
61.5%201539th
Population with access to improved sanitation
?
23.6%201529th
Health care visits for pregnant women
?
90.6%2011Joint 25th
Nutrition features in national development policy
?
Moderate2015-201916th
National Nutrition Policy/Strategy
?
Yes2017Joint 1st
Multisector and multistakeholder policy coordination
?
Yes2017Joint 1st
Time bound nutrition targets
?
Yes2017Joint 1st
National nutrition survey in last 3 years
?
No2011Joint 36th
Laws Score Year NCI rank of 45
Enshrine ICBMS in domestic law
?
Fully Enshrined2016Joint 1st