Key data for Mozambique

NCI28th HRCI16th HANCI19th
HANCI Africa compares 45 countries for their performance on 22 indicators of political commitment to reduce hunger and undernutrition. All the countries compared in the index have high rates of hunger and undernutrition. The comparative approach of the index means that country scores are calculated in relation to the political commitment of the other countries in the index.
Existing rates of: Stunting: 43.10% Wasting: 6.10% Proportion of population underweight: 15.60% Source: Gov. of Mozambique (DHS, 2011)

Strong Performance

  • Spending on agriculture (13.63% of public spending in 2014) meets government commitments set out in the African Union’s Maputo Declaration (10% of public spending).
  • Government of Mozambique has ensured tenure security for rural populations. Land titling is common and land markets function well. Policy promotes equitable access to common property resources.
  • The Government encourages varied agricultural research and extension services, and local farmer organisations are involved in setting policy priorities. The extension system is effective and properly reaches out to poor farmers. Government policies, strategies and mechanisms seek to ensure gender equity in access to extension services.
  • The National Nutrition Policy/Strategy identifies time bound nutrition targets and a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism has been set up.
  • The Government has fully enshrined the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes into domestic law.
  • The Government of Mozambique promotes complementary feeding practices and has achieved two high doses of vitamin A supplementation for 99% of children in 2014.
  • In Mozambique 90.6% of women aged 15-49 were visited at least once during pregnancy by skilled health personnel in 2011.

Areas for improvement

  • Mozambique’s spending in its health sector (8.8% of public spending in 2014) does not fully meet (15%) commitments set out in the Abuja Declaration.
  • In Mozambique, the law gives women and men equal economic rights and equal legal access to agricultural land. However, these laws are not effectively enforced and discriminatory practices against women continue, increasing their vulnerability to hunger and undernutrition.
  • Mozambique does not have a separate budget line for nutrition; this prevents transparency and accountability for spending.
  • Policymakers in Mozambique do not benefit from regular nutrition surveys that are statistically representative at national level. The last survey was published in 2011.
  • Weak access to an improved source of drinking water (51.1% in 2015) and an improved sanitation facility (20.5% in 2015) prevents positive outcomes for hunger and nutrition in Mozambique.
  • In Mozambique, constitutional protection of the right to social security is weak.
  • Social safety nets in Mozambique are basic and only cover few risks for a limited number of beneficiaries.
  • Civil registration rates are weak (47.9% in 2011) and potentially hold back children’s access to critical public services such as health and education.

Hunger Reduction Commitment Index (HRCI)

Public Spending Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Public spending on agriculture as share of total public spending
?
13.63%20142nd
Public spending on health as share of total public spending
?
8.8%201427th
Policies Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Access to land (security of tenure)
?
Strong20149th
Access to agricultural research and extension services
?
Strong20135th
Civil registration system — coverage of live births
?
47.9%201134th
Functioning of social protection systems
?
Weak201620th
Laws Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Level of constitutional protection of the right to food
?
Moderate20138th
Equality of women’s access to agricultural land
?
In Law, not in Practice20141st
Equality of women’s economic rights
?
In Law, not in Practice20117th
Constitutional right to social security
?
No201228th

Nutrition Commitment Index (NCI)

Public Spending Score Year NCI rank of 45
Separate budget for nutrition
?
Sectoral only201529th
Policies Score Year NCI rank of 45
Vitamin A supplementation coverage for children
?
99.0%20142nd
Government promotes complementary feeding
?
Yes20141st
Population with access to an improved water source
?
51.1%201543rd
Population with access to improved sanitation
?
20.5%201532nd
Health care visits for pregnant women
?
90.6%201125th
Nutrition features in national development policy
?
Moderate2015-201916th
National Nutrition Policy/Strategy
?
Yes20151st
Multisector and multistakeholder policy coordination
?
Yes20151st
Time bound nutrition targets
?
Yes20151st
National nutrition survey in last 3 years
?
No201135th
Laws Score Year NCI rank of 45
Enshrine ICBMS in domestic law
?
Fully enshrined20161st