Key data for Morocco

NCI36th HRCI10th HANCI30th
HANCI-Africa compares 45 African countries for their performance on 22 indicators of political commitment to reduce hunger and undernutrition. All the countries compared in the index have high rates of hunger and undernutrition. The comparative approach of the index means that country scores are calculated in relation to the political commitment of the other countries in the index.
Existing rates of: Stunting: 14.9% Wasting: 2.3% Proportion of population underweight: 2.3% Source: Government of Morocco (ENPSF, 2010-11)

Strong Performance

  • The Government of Morocco has ensured tenure security for rural populations. Land titling is common and land markets function well. Policy promotes equitable access to common property resources.
  • The Government encourages varied agricultural research and extension services, and local farmer organisations are involved in setting policy priorities. The extension system is effective and properly reaches out to poor farmers. Government policies, strategies and mechanisms seek to ensure gender equity in access to extension services.
  • The National Nutrition Policy/Strategy identifies time bound nutrition targets and a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism has been set up.
  • The Government of Morocco promotes complementary feeding practices.
  • In Morocco, constitutional protection of the right to social security is strong.
  • Strong civil registration rates (94% in 2010-2011) potentially enable children’s access to critical public services such as health and education.

Areas for improvement

  • Spending on agriculture (5.3% of public spending in 2016), does not meet government commitments set out in the African Union’s Maputo Declaration (10% of public spending).
  • Morocco’s spending in its health sector (7.7% of public spending in 2015) does not fully meet (15%) commitments set out in the Abuja Declaration.
  • In Morocco, the law gives women and men equal economic rights and equal legal access to agricultural land. However, these laws are not effectively enforced and discriminatory practices against women continue, increasing their vulnerability to hunger and undernutrition.
  • Relative to other HANCI countries, Morocco’s medium/long term national development policy (Programme du Gouvernement) places weak importance to nutrition.
  • Morocco does not have a separate budget line for nutrition; this prevents transparency and accountability for spending.
  • Policymakers in Morocco do not benefit from regular nutrition surveys that are statistically representative at national level. The last survey was published in 2011.
  • The Government of Morocco has not enshrined the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes into domestic law.
  • The Government of Morocco has achieved two high doses of vitamin A supplementation for only 59% of children in 2011.
  • In Morocco, constitutional protection of the right to food is weak.
  • Social safety nets in Morocco are basic and only cover few risks for a limited number of beneficiaries.

Hunger Reduction Commitment Index (HRCI)

Public Spending Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Public spending on agriculture as share of total public spending
?
5.3%201623rd
Public spending on health as share of total public spending
?
7.7%201518th
Policies Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Access to land (security of tenure)
?
Strong2016Joint 4th
Access to agricultural research and extension services
?
Strong2013Joint 2nd
Civil registration system — coverage of live births
?
94%2010-20116th
Functioning of social protection systems
?
Weak2016Joint 8th
Laws Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Level of constitutional protection of the right to food
?
Weak2016Joint 29th
Equality of women’s access to agricultural land
?
In Law, not in Practice2014Joint 1st
Equality of women’s economic rights
?
In Law, not in Practice2014Joint 1st
Constitutional right to social security
?
Yes2017Joint 1st

Nutrition Commitment Index (NCI)

Public Spending Score Year NCI rank of 45
Separate budget for nutrition
?
No2014Joint 33rd
Policies Score Year NCI rank of 45
Vitamin A supplementation coverage for children
?
59%201131st
Government promotes complementary feeding
?
Yes2014Joint 1st
Population with access to an improved water source
?
89.5%201511th
Population with access to improved sanitation
?
83.5%20154th
Health care visits for pregnant women
?
77.1%201140th
Nutrition features in national development policy
?
Weak2012-2016Joint 38th
National Nutrition Policy/Strategy
?
Yes2017Joint 1st
Multisector and multistakeholder policy coordination
?
Yes2012Joint 1st
Time bound nutrition targets
?
Yes2017Joint 1st
National nutrition survey in last 3 years
?
No2011Joint 36th
Laws Score Year NCI rank of 45
Enshrine ICBMS in domestic law
?
Not Enshrined in Law2016Joint 33rd