Key data for Mauritania

NCI30th HRCI37th HANCI36th
HANCI Africa compares 45 countries for their performance on 22 indicators of political commitment to reduce hunger and undernutrition. All the countries compared in the index have high rates of hunger and undernutrition. The comparative approach of the index means that country scores are calculated in relation to the political commitment of the other countries in the index.
Existing rates of: Stunting: 22.00% Wasting: 11.60% Proportion of population underweight: 19.50% Source: Gov. of Mauritania (National Nutrition Survey, 2012)

Strong Performance

  • The Government encourages varied agricultural research and extension services, and local farmer organisations are involved in setting policy priorities. The extension system is effective and properly reaches out to poor farmers. Government policies, strategies and mechanisms seek to ensure gender equity in access to extension services.
  • Relative to other HANCI countries, Mauritania's medium/long term national development policy (Cadre Stratégique de Lutte contre la Pauvreté) assigns strong importance to nutrition.
  • The National Nutrition Policy/Strategy identifies time bound nutrition targets and a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism has been set up.
  • Policymakers in Mauritania benefit from regular nutrition surveys that are statistically representative at national level. The last survey was published in 2015.
  • The Government of Mauritania promotes complementary feeding practices.

Areas for improvement

  • Spending on agriculture (4.67% of public spending in 2014), does not meet government commitments set out in the African Union’s Maputo Declaration (10% of public spending).
  • Mauritania’s spending in its health sector (6% of public spending in 2014) does not fully meet (15%) commitments set out in the Abuja Declaration.
  • In Mauritania, the law gives women and men equal economic rights and equal legal access to agricultural land. However, these laws are not effectively enforced and discriminatory practices against women continue, increasing their vulnerability to hunger and undernutrition.
  • The Government of Mauritania has not enshrined the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes into domestic law.
  • Weak access to an improved source of drinking water (57.9% in 2015) and an improved sanitation facility (40% in 2015) prevents positive outcomes for hunger and nutrition in Mauritania.
  • In Mauritania, constitutional protection of the right to food and the right to social security is weak.
  • Social safety nets in Mauritania are basic and only cover few risks for a limited number of beneficiaries.
  • Civil registration rates are weak (58.8% in 2011) and potentially hold back children’s access to critical public services such as health and education.

Hunger Reduction Commitment Index (HRCI)

Public Spending Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Public spending on agriculture as share of total public spending
?
4.67%201424th
Public spending on health as share of total public spending
?
6%201440th
Policies Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Access to land (security of tenure)
?
Moderate201433rd
Access to agricultural research and extension services
?
Strong201314th
Civil registration system — coverage of live births
?
58.8%201129th
Functioning of social protection systems
?
Weak20168th
Laws Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Level of constitutional protection of the right to food
?
Weak201131st
Equality of women’s access to agricultural land
?
In Law, not in Practice20141st
Equality of women’s economic rights
?
In Law, not in Practice20117th
Constitutional right to social security
?
No200628th

Nutrition Commitment Index (NCI)

Public Spending Score Year NCI rank of 45
Separate budget for nutrition
?
Sectoral only201518th
Policies Score Year NCI rank of 45
Vitamin A supplementation coverage for children
?
89.0%201420th
Government promotes complementary feeding
?
Yes20141st
Population with access to an improved water source
?
57.9%201537th
Population with access to improved sanitation
?
40.0%201518th
Health care visits for pregnant women
?
84.2%201133rd
Nutrition features in national development policy
?
Strong2011-20158th
National Nutrition Policy/Strategy
?
Yes20141st
Multisector and multistakeholder policy coordination
?
Yes20151st
Time bound nutrition targets
?
Yes20141st
National nutrition survey in last 3 years
?
Yes20151st
Laws Score Year NCI rank of 45
Enshrine ICBMS in domestic law
?
Not Enshrined in Law201633rd