Key data for Mali

NCI11th HRCI15th HANCI10th
HANCI-Africa compares 45 African countries for their performance on 22 indicators of political commitment to reduce hunger and undernutrition. All the countries compared in the index have high rates of hunger and undernutrition. The comparative approach of the index means that country scores are calculated in relation to the political commitment of the other countries in the index.
Existing rates of: Stunting: 30.4% Wasting: 13.5% Proportion of population underweight: 13.5% Source: Government of Mali (MICS, 2015)

Strong Performance

  • Spending on agriculture (12.4% of public spending in 2016) meets government commitments set out in the African Union’s Maputo Declaration (10% of public spending).
  • Relative to other HANCI countries, Mali’s medium/long term national development policy (Cadre Strategique por la croissance et la reduction de la pauvreté (CSCRP)) assigns strong importance to nutrition.
  • Mali instituted a separate budget line for nutrition, enabling transparency and accountability for spending.
  • The National Nutrition Policy/Strategy identifies time bound nutrition targets and a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism has been set up.
  • Policymakers in Mali benefit from regular nutrition surveys that are statistically representative at national level. The last survey was published in 2015.
  • The Government of Mali promotes complementary feeding practices.
  • In Mali, constitutional protection of the right to social security is strong.

Areas for improvement

  • Mali’s spending in its health sector (4.5% of public spending in 2015) does not fully meet (15%) commitments set out in the Abuja Declaration.
  • In Mali, the law does not give women economic rights equal to men. Men and women have equal legal access to agricultural land, but this is not effectively enforced and discriminatory practices against women continue, increasing their vulnerability to hunger and undernutrition.
  • Weak access to improved sanitation facilities (31.3% in 2015) obstructs better hunger and nutrition outcomes.
  • In Mali only 47.9% of women aged 15-49 were visited at least once during pregnancy by skilled health personnel in 2015.
  • Social safety nets in Mali are basic and only cover few risks for a limited number of beneficiaries.

Hunger Reduction Commitment Index (HRCI)

Public Spending Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Public spending on agriculture as share of total public spending
?
12.4%20167th
Public spending on health as share of total public spending
?
4.5%201535th
Policies Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Access to land (security of tenure)
?
Moderate201632nd
Access to agricultural research and extension services
?
Moderate2013Joint 21st
Civil registration system — coverage of live births
?
80.8%201014th
Functioning of social protection systems
?
Weak2016Joint 21st
Laws Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Level of constitutional protection of the right to food
?
Moderate2014Joint 8th
Equality of women’s access to agricultural land
?
In Law, not in Practice2014Joint 1st
Equality of women’s economic rights
?
Not in Law2014Joint 26th
Constitutional right to social security
?
Yes2014Joint 1st

Nutrition Commitment Index (NCI)

Public Spending Score Year NCI rank of 45
Separate budget for nutrition
?
Yes2017Joint 1st
Policies Score Year NCI rank of 45
Vitamin A supplementation coverage for children
?
88%201515th
Government promotes complementary feeding
?
Yes2014Joint 1st
Population with access to an improved water source
?
80%201521st
Population with access to improved sanitation
?
31.3%201525th
Health care visits for pregnant women
?
47.9%201545th
Nutrition features in national development policy
?
Strong2012-20171st
National Nutrition Policy/Strategy
?
Yes2017Joint 1st
Multisector and multistakeholder policy coordination
?
Yes2017Joint 1st
Time bound nutrition targets
?
Yes2017Joint 1st
National nutrition survey in last 3 years
?
Yes2015Joint 1st
Laws Score Year NCI rank of 45
Enshrine ICBMS in domestic law
?
Many Aspects Enshrined2016Joint 15th