Key data for Mali

NCI9th HRCI29th HANCI14th
HANCI Africa compares 45 countries for their performance on 22 indicators of political commitment to reduce hunger and undernutrition. All the countries compared in the index have high rates of hunger and undernutrition. The comparative approach of the index means that country scores are calculated in relation to the political commitment of the other countries in the index.
Existing rates of: Stunting: 12.70% Wasting: 38.30% Proportion of population underweight: 25.50% Source: Gov. of Mali (DHS, 2013)

Strong Performance

  • Relative to other HANCI countries, Mali's medium/long term national development policy (Cadre Strategique por la croissance et la reduction de la pauvreté (CSCRP)) assigns strong importance to nutrition.
  • Mali instituted a separate budget line for nutrition, enabling transparency and accountability for spending.
  • The National Nutrition Policy/Strategy identifies time bound nutrition targets and a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism has been set up.
  • Policymakers in Mali benefit from regular nutrition surveys that are statistically representative at national level. The last survey was published in 2012-2013.
  • The Government of Mali promotes complementary feeding practices and has achieved two high doses of vitamin A supplementation for 98% of children in 2013.
  • In Mali, constitutional protection of the right to social security is strong.

Areas for improvement

  • Spending on agriculture (5.38% of public spending in 2014), does not meet government commitments set out in the African Union’s Maputo Declaration (10% of public spending).
  • Mali’s spending in its health sector (5.6% of public spending in 2014) does not fully meet (15%) commitments set out in the Abuja Declaration.
  • In Mali, the law does not give women economic rights equal to men. Men and women have equal legal access to agricultural land, but this is not effectively enforced and discriminatory practices against women continue, increasing their vulnerability to hunger and undernutrition.
  • Weak access to improved sanitation facilities (24.7% in 2015) obstructs better hunger and nutrition outcomes.
  • Social safety nets in Mali are basic and only cover few risks for a limited number of beneficiaries.

Hunger Reduction Commitment Index (HRCI)

Public Spending Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Public spending on agriculture as share of total public spending
?
5.38%201420th
Public spending on health as share of total public spending
?
5.6%201442nd
Policies Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Access to land (security of tenure)
?
Moderate201430th
Access to agricultural research and extension services
?
Moderate201321st
Civil registration system — coverage of live births
?
80.8%201012th
Functioning of social protection systems
?
Weak201620th
Laws Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Level of constitutional protection of the right to food
?
Moderate20148th
Equality of women’s access to agricultural land
?
In Law, not in Practice20141st
Equality of women’s economic rights
?
Not in Law201126th
Constitutional right to social security
?
Yes20141st

Nutrition Commitment Index (NCI)

Public Spending Score Year NCI rank of 45
Separate budget for nutrition
?
Yes20151st
Policies Score Year NCI rank of 45
Vitamin A supplementation coverage for children
?
98.0%201310th
Government promotes complementary feeding
?
Yes20141st
Population with access to an improved water source
?
77.0%201522nd
Population with access to improved sanitation
?
24.7%201528th
Health care visits for pregnant women
?
74.6%201041st
Nutrition features in national development policy
?
Strong2012-20171st
National Nutrition Policy/Strategy
?
Yes20151st
Multisector and multistakeholder policy coordination
?
Yes20151st
Time bound nutrition targets
?
Yes20141st
National nutrition survey in last 3 years
?
Yes2012-20131st
Laws Score Year NCI rank of 45
Enshrine ICBMS in domestic law
?
Many Aspects Enshrined201615th