Key data for Guinea‑Bissau

NCI33rd HRCI44th HANCI41st
HANCI-Africa compares 45 African countries for their performance on 22 indicators of political commitment to reduce hunger and undernutrition. All the countries compared in the index have high rates of hunger and undernutrition. The comparative approach of the index means that country scores are calculated in relation to the political commitment of the other countries in the index.
Existing rates of: Stunting: 27.6% Wasting: 6% Proportion of population underweight: 6% Source: Government of Guinea-Bissau (MICS, 2014)

Strong Performance

  • The National Nutrition Policy/Strategy identifies time bound nutrition targets and a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism has been set up.
  • Policymakers in Guinea-Bissau benefit from regular nutrition surveys that are statistically representative at national level. The last survey was published in 2014.
  • The Government of Guinea-Bissau promotes complementary feeding practices.
  • In Guinea-Bissau 92.4% of women aged 15-49 were visited at least once during pregnancy by skilled health personnel in 2014.

Areas for improvement

  • Spending on agriculture (0.9% of public spending in 2013), does not meet government commitments set out in the African Union’s Maputo Declaration (10% of public spending).
  • Guinea-Bissau’s spending in its health sector (9.5% of public spending in 2015) does not fully meet (15%) commitments set out in the Abuja Declaration.
  • The Government of Guinea-Bissau has not ensured tenure security for rural populations. Land titling is weak and land markets do not function well.
  • In Guinea-Bissau, the law does not give women economic rights equal to men. Men and women have equal legal access to agricultural land, but this is not effectively enforced and discriminatory practices against women continue, increasing their vulnerability to hunger and undernutrition.
  • Relative to other HANCI countries, Guinea-Bissau’s medium/long term national development policy (Plano Estratégico e Operacional 2015-2020 Terra Ranka Documento II Relatorio Final) places weak importance to nutrition.
  • Guinea-Bissau does not have a separate budget line for nutrition; this prevents transparency and accountability for spending.
  • Weak access to improved sanitation facilities (21.5% in 2015) obstructs better hunger and nutrition outcomes.
  • In Guinea-Bissau, constitutional protection of the right to social security is weak.
  • The Government of Guinea-Bissau does not provide social safety nets.

Hunger Reduction Commitment Index (HRCI)

Public Spending Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Public spending on agriculture as share of total public spending
Public spending on health as share of total public spending
Policies Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Access to land (security of tenure)
Weak2016Joint 44th
Access to agricultural research and extension services
Moderate2013Joint 37th
Civil registration system — coverage of live births
Functioning of social protection systems
Very Weak2010Joint 43rd
Laws Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Level of constitutional protection of the right to food
Moderate2014Joint 8th
Equality of women’s access to agricultural land
In Law, not in Practice2014Joint 1st
Equality of women’s economic rights
Not in Law2014Joint 26th
Constitutional right to social security
No2017Joint 29th

Nutrition Commitment Index (NCI)

Public Spending Score Year NCI rank of 45
Separate budget for nutrition
No2017Joint 33rd
Policies Score Year NCI rank of 45
Vitamin A supplementation coverage for children
87%2015Joint 16th
Government promotes complementary feeding
Yes2010Joint 1st
Population with access to an improved water source
Population with access to improved sanitation
Health care visits for pregnant women
Nutrition features in national development policy
National Nutrition Policy/Strategy
Yes2017Joint 1st
Multisector and multistakeholder policy coordination
Yes2017Joint 1st
Time bound nutrition targets
Yes2017Joint 1st
National nutrition survey in last 3 years
Yes2014Joint 1st
Laws Score Year NCI rank of 45
Enshrine ICBMS in domestic law
Few Aspects Enshrined2016Joint 28th