Key data for Guinea

NCI35th HRCI45th HANCI44th
HANCI-Africa compares 45 African countries for their performance on 22 indicators of political commitment to reduce hunger and undernutrition. All the countries compared in the index have high rates of hunger and undernutrition. The comparative approach of the index means that country scores are calculated in relation to the political commitment of the other countries in the index.
Existing rates of: Stunting: 31.3% Wasting: 9.9% Proportion of population underweight: 9.9% Source: Government of Guinea (DHS and MICS, 2012)

Strong Performance

  • Relative to other HANCI countries, Guinea’s medium/long term national development policy (Plan National de Developpement Economique et Sociale 2016 2020 Volume I) assigns strong importance to nutrition.
  • The National Nutrition Policy/Strategy identifies time bound nutrition targets and a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism has been set up.
  • Policymakers in Guinea benefit from regular nutrition surveys that are statistically representative at national level. The last survey was published in 2016.

Areas for improvement

  • Spending on agriculture (4% of public spending in 2015), does not meet government commitments set out in the African Union’s Maputo Declaration (10% of public spending).
  • Guinea’s spending in its health sector (2.7% of public spending in 2015) does not fully meet (15%) commitments set out in the Abuja Declaration.
  • The Government of Guinea has not ensured tenure security for rural populations. Land titling is weak and land markets do not function well.
  • In Guinea, the law does not give women economic rights equal to men. Men and women have equal legal access to agricultural land, but this is not effectively enforced and discriminatory practices against women continue, increasing their vulnerability to hunger and undernutrition.
  • The Government of Guinea does not promote complementary feeding practices and has achieved two high doses of vitamin A supplementation for only 69% of children in 2015.
  • Weak access to improved sanitation facilities (22% in 2015) obstructs better hunger and nutrition outcomes.
  • In Guinea, constitutional protection of the right to social security is weak.
  • Social safety nets in Guinea are basic and only cover few risks for a limited number of beneficiaries.
  • Civil registration rates are weak (57.9% in 2012) and potentially hold back children’s access to critical public services such as health and education.

Hunger Reduction Commitment Index (HRCI)

Public Spending Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Public spending on agriculture as share of total public spending
?
4%2015Joint 30th
Public spending on health as share of total public spending
?
2.7%2015Joint 43rd
Policies Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Access to land (security of tenure)
?
Weak2016Joint 44th
Access to agricultural research and extension services
?
Moderate2013Joint 21st
Civil registration system — coverage of live births
?
57.9%201231st
Functioning of social protection systems
?
Weak2016Joint 21st
Laws Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Level of constitutional protection of the right to food
?
Moderate2014Joint 8th
Equality of women’s access to agricultural land
?
In Law, not in Practice2014Joint 1st
Equality of women’s economic rights
?
Not in Law2014Joint 26th
Constitutional right to social security
?
No2010Joint 29th

Nutrition Commitment Index (NCI)

Public Spending Score Year NCI rank of 45
Separate budget for nutrition
?
Sectoral only2017Joint 17th
Policies Score Year NCI rank of 45
Vitamin A supplementation coverage for children
?
69%201525th
Government promotes complementary feeding
?
No2014Joint 42nd
Population with access to an improved water source
?
78.6%201522nd
Population with access to improved sanitation
?
22%201531st
Health care visits for pregnant women
?
85.2%201232nd
Nutrition features in national development policy
?
Strong2016-20207th
National Nutrition Policy/Strategy
?
Yes2017Joint 1st
Multisector and multistakeholder policy coordination
?
Yes2017Joint 1st
Time bound nutrition targets
?
Yes2017Joint 1st
National nutrition survey in last 3 years
?
Yes2016Joint 1st
Laws Score Year NCI rank of 45
Enshrine ICBMS in domestic law
?
Few Aspects Enshrined2016Joint 28th