Key data for Guinea‑Bissau

NCI35th HRCI45th HANCI44th
HANCI Africa compares 45 countries for their performance on 22 indicators of political commitment to reduce hunger and undernutrition. All the countries compared in the index have high rates of hunger and undernutrition. The comparative approach of the index means that country scores are calculated in relation to the political commitment of the other countries in the index.
Existing rates of: Stunting: 27.60% Wasting: 6.00% Proportion of population underweight: 17.00% Source: Gov. of Guinea-Bissau (MICS, 2014)

Strong Performance

  • Guinea-Bissau has devised a National Nutrition Policy/Strategy.
  • Guinea-Bissau has introduced a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism to support delivery of the National Nutrition Policy/Strategy.
  • Policymakers in Guinea-Bissau benefit from regular nutrition surveys that are statistically representative at national level. The last survey was published in 2014.
  • The Government of Guinea-Bissau promotes complementary feeding practices and has achieved two high doses of vitamin A supplementation for 98% of children in 2014.
  • In Guinea-Bissau 92.4% of women aged 15-49 were visited at least once during pregnancy by skilled health personnel in 2014.

Areas for improvement

  • Spending on agriculture (0.71% of public spending in 2014), does not meet government commitments set out in the African Union’s Maputo Declaration (10% of public spending).
  • Guinea-Bissau’s spending in its health sector (7.8% of public spending in 2014) does not fully meet (15%) commitments set out in the Abuja Declaration.
  • Government of Guinea-Bissau has not ensured tenure security for rural populations. Land titling is weak and land markets do not function well.
  • In Guinea-Bissau, the law does not give women economic rights equal to men. Men and women have equal legal access to agricultural land, but this is not effectively enforced and discriminatory practices against women continue, increasing their vulnerability to hunger and undernutrition.
  • Guinea-Bissau does not have a separate budget line for nutrition; this prevents transparency and accountability for spending.
  • Even though Guinea-Bissau has developed a National Nutrition Policy/Strategy and a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism, clear time-bound nutrition targets are still lacking.
  • Weak access to improved sanitation facilities (20.8% in 2015) obstructs better hunger and nutrition outcomes.
  • In Guinea-Bissau, constitutional protection of the right to social security is weak.
  • The Government of Guinea-Bissau does not provide social safety nets.

Hunger Reduction Commitment Index (HRCI)

Public Spending Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Public spending on agriculture as share of total public spending
?
0.71%201445th
Public spending on health as share of total public spending
?
7.8%201434th
Policies Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Access to land (security of tenure)
?
Weak201443rd
Access to agricultural research and extension services
?
Moderate201337th
Civil registration system — coverage of live births
?
24.1%201041st
Functioning of social protection systems
?
Weak201043rd
Laws Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Level of constitutional protection of the right to food
?
Moderate20148th
Equality of women’s access to agricultural land
?
In Law, not in Practice20141st
Equality of women’s economic rights
?
Not in Law201126th
Constitutional right to social security
?
No200628th

Nutrition Commitment Index (NCI)

Public Spending Score Year NCI rank of 45
Separate budget for nutrition
?
Sectoral only201529th
Policies Score Year NCI rank of 45
Vitamin A supplementation coverage for children
?
98.0%201410th
Government promotes complementary feeding
?
Yes20101st
Population with access to an improved water source
?
79.3%201518th
Population with access to improved sanitation
?
20.8%201531st
Health care visits for pregnant women
?
92.4%201423rd
Nutrition features in national development policy
?
Moderate2011–201524th
National Nutrition Policy/Strategy
?
Yes20121st
Multisector and multistakeholder policy coordination
?
Yes20151st
Time bound nutrition targets
?
No201232nd
National nutrition survey in last 3 years
?
Yes20141st
Laws Score Year NCI rank of 45
Enshrine ICBMS in domestic law
?
Few Aspects Enshrined201628th