Key data for Ghana

NCI14th HRCI30th HANCI23rd
HANCI Africa compares 45 countries for their performance on 22 indicators of political commitment to reduce hunger and undernutrition. All the countries compared in the index have high rates of hunger and undernutrition. The comparative approach of the index means that country scores are calculated in relation to the political commitment of the other countries in the index.
Existing rates of: Stunting: 18.80% Wasting: 4.70% Proportion of population underweight: 11.00% Source: Gov. of Ghana (DHS, 2014)

Strong Performance

  • Government of Ghana has ensured tenure security for rural populations. Land titling is common and land markets function well. Policy promotes equitable access to common property resources.
  • The Government encourages varied agricultural research and extension services, and local farmer organisations are involved in setting policy priorities. The extension system is effective and properly reaches out to poor farmers. Government policies, strategies and mechanisms seek to ensure gender equity in access to extension services.
  • Relative to other HANCI countries, Ghana's medium/long term national development policy (Ghana Shared Growth and Development Agenda II (GSGDA) Volume I: Policy Framework) assigns strong importance to nutrition.
  • The National Nutrition Policy/Strategy identifies time bound nutrition targets and a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism has been set up.
  • Policymakers in Ghana benefit from regular nutrition surveys that are statistically representative at national level. The last survey was published in 2014.
  • The Government has fully enshrined the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes into domestic law.
  • The Government of Ghana promotes complementary feeding practices.
  • In Ghana 90.5% of women aged 15-49 were visited at least once during pregnancy by skilled health personnel in 2014.
  • In Ghana, constitutional protection of the right to social security is strong.

Areas for improvement

  • Spending on agriculture (3.65% of public spending in 2014), does not meet government commitments set out in the African Union’s Maputo Declaration (10% of public spending).
  • Ghana’s spending in its health sector (6.8% of public spending in 2014) does not fully meet (15%) commitments set out in the Abuja Declaration.
  • In Ghana, the law does not give women legal access to agricultural land equal to men. Men and women have equal economic rights, but this is not effectively enforced and discriminatory practices against women continue, increasing their vulnerability to hunger and undernutrition.
  • Ghana does not have a separate budget line for nutrition; this prevents transparency and accountability for spending.
  • The Government of Ghana has only achieved two high doses of vitamin A supplementation for 23% of children in 2014.
  • Weak access to improved sanitation facilities (14.9% in 2015) obstructs better hunger and nutrition outcomes.
  • Social safety nets in Ghana are basic and only cover few risks for a limited number of beneficiaries.
  • Civil registration rates are weak (62.5% in 2011) and potentially hold back children’s access to critical public services such as health and education.

Hunger Reduction Commitment Index (HRCI)

Public Spending Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Public spending on agriculture as share of total public spending
?
3.65%201428th
Public spending on health as share of total public spending
?
6.8%201439th
Policies Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Access to land (security of tenure)
?
Strong20149th
Access to agricultural research and extension services
?
Strong201314th
Civil registration system — coverage of live births
?
62.5%201125th
Functioning of social protection systems
?
Weak20168th
Laws Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Level of constitutional protection of the right to food
?
Moderate20148th
Equality of women’s access to agricultural land
?
In Law, not in Practice201441st
Equality of women’s economic rights
?
In Law, not in Practice20117th
Constitutional right to social security
?
Yes20061st

Nutrition Commitment Index (NCI)

Public Spending Score Year NCI rank of 45
Separate budget for nutrition
?
Sectoral only201529th
Policies Score Year NCI rank of 45
Vitamin A supplementation coverage for children
?
23.0%201441st
Government promotes complementary feeding
?
Yes20141st
Population with access to an improved water source
?
88.7%201512th
Population with access to improved sanitation
?
14.9%201540th
Health care visits for pregnant women
?
90.5%201427th
Nutrition features in national development policy
?
Strong2014 - 20175th
National Nutrition Policy/Strategy
?
Yes20151st
Multisector and multistakeholder policy coordination
?
Yes20151st
Time bound nutrition targets
?
Yes20121st
National nutrition survey in last 3 years
?
Yes20141st
Laws Score Year NCI rank of 45
Enshrine ICBMS in domestic law
?
Fully enshrined20161st