Key data for Gambia

NCI1st HRCI21st HANCI8th
HANCI Africa compares 45 countries for their performance on 22 indicators of political commitment to reduce hunger and undernutrition. All the countries compared in the index have high rates of hunger and undernutrition. The comparative approach of the index means that country scores are calculated in relation to the political commitment of the other countries in the index.
Existing rates of: Stunting: 24.50% Wasting: 11.50% Proportion of population underweight: 16.20% Source: Gov. of Gambia (DHS, 2013)

Strong Performance

  • The Government encourages varied agricultural research and extension services, and local farmer organisations are involved in setting policy priorities. The extension system is effective and properly reaches out to poor farmers. Government policies, strategies and mechanisms seek to ensure gender equity in access to extension services.
  • Relative to other HANCI countries, Gambia's medium/long term national development policy (Program of accelerated growth and employment) assigns strong importance to nutrition.
  • Gambia instituted a separate budget line for nutrition, enabling transparency and accountability for spending.
  • The National Nutrition Policy/Strategy identifies time bound nutrition targets and a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism has been set up.
  • Policymakers in Gambia benefit from regular nutrition surveys that are statistically representative at national level. The last survey was published in 2013.
  • The Government has fully enshrined the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes into domestic law.
  • The Government of Gambia promotes complementary feeding practices.
  • 90.2% of the population of Gambia in 2015 has access to an improved drinking water source.

Areas for improvement

  • Spending on agriculture (3.27% of public spending in 2014), does not meet government commitments set out in the African Union’s Maputo Declaration (10% of public spending).
  • In Gambia, the law does not give women legal access to agricultural land equal to men. Men and women have equal economic rights, but this is not effectively enforced and discriminatory practices against women continue, increasing their vulnerability to hunger and undernutrition.
  • The Government of Gambia has only achieved two high doses of vitamin A supplementation for 27% of children in 2014.
  • Weak access to improved sanitation facilities (58.9% in 2015) obstructs better hunger and nutrition outcomes.
  • In Gambia, constitutional protection of the right to social security is weak.
  • Social safety nets in Gambia are basic and only cover few risks for a limited number of beneficiaries.
  • Civil registration rates are weak (52.5% in 2010) and potentially hold back children’s access to critical public services such as health and education.

Hunger Reduction Commitment Index (HRCI)

Public Spending Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Public spending on agriculture as share of total public spending
?
3.27%201431st
Public spending on health as share of total public spending
?
15.3%20144th
Policies Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Access to land (security of tenure)
?
Moderate201415th
Access to agricultural research and extension services
?
Strong201311th
Civil registration system — coverage of live births
?
52.5%201031st
Functioning of social protection systems
?
Weak200840th
Laws Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Level of constitutional protection of the right to food
?
Moderate20148th
Equality of women’s access to agricultural land
?
In Law, not in Practice201441st
Equality of women’s economic rights
?
In Law, not in Practice20117th
Constitutional right to social security
?
No200628th

Nutrition Commitment Index (NCI)

Public Spending Score Year NCI rank of 45
Separate budget for nutrition
?
Yes20151st
Policies Score Year NCI rank of 45
Vitamin A supplementation coverage for children
?
27.0%201440th
Government promotes complementary feeding
?
Yes20121st
Population with access to an improved water source
?
90.2%20159th
Population with access to improved sanitation
?
58.9%20159th
Health care visits for pregnant women
?
86.2%201331st
Nutrition features in national development policy
?
Strong2012 - 20154th
National Nutrition Policy/Strategy
?
Yes20141st
Multisector and multistakeholder policy coordination
?
Yes20151st
Time bound nutrition targets
?
Yes20151st
National nutrition survey in last 3 years
?
Yes20131st
Laws Score Year NCI rank of 45
Enshrine ICBMS in domestic law
?
Fully enshrined20161st