Key data for Gabon

NCI25th HRCI43rd HANCI38th
HANCI Africa compares 45 countries for their performance on 22 indicators of political commitment to reduce hunger and undernutrition. All the countries compared in the index have high rates of hunger and undernutrition. The comparative approach of the index means that country scores are calculated in relation to the political commitment of the other countries in the index.
Existing rates of: Stunting: 17.50% Wasting: 3.40% Proportion of population underweight: 6.50% Source: Gov. of Gabon (DHS, 2012)

Strong Performance

  • Gabon has devised a National Nutrition Policy/Strategy.
  • The Government has fully enshrined the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes into domestic law.
  • The Government of Gabon promotes complementary feeding practices.
  • 93.2% of the population of Gabon in 2015 has access to an improved drinking water source.
  • In Gabon 94.7% of women aged 15-49 were visited at least once during pregnancy by skilled health personnel in 2012.
  • In Gabon, constitutional protection of the right to social security is strong.

Areas for improvement

  • Spending on agriculture (1% of public spending in 2013), does not meet government commitments set out in the African Union’s Maputo Declaration (10% of public spending).
  • Gabon’s spending in its health sector (7.4% of public spending in 2014) does not fully meet (15%) commitments set out in the Abuja Declaration.
  • Extension services are the preserve of government and poor farmers have no say in setting policy priorities. The agricultural research and extension system is not properly reaching out to poor farmers. There is no policy promoting gender equity in access to extension services.
  • In Gabon, the law does not give women economic rights equal to men. Men and women have equal legal access to agricultural land, but this is not effectively enforced and discriminatory practices against women continue, increasing their vulnerability to hunger and undernutrition.
  • Relative to other HANCI countries, Gabon's medium/long term national development policy (Plan Strategique du Gabon Emergent. Vision 2025, orientations stratégiques 2011-2016) places weak importance to nutrition.
  • Even though Gabon has developed a National Nutrition Policy/Strategy and clear time-bound nutrition targets, a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism is still lacking.
  • Policymakers in Gabon do not benefit from regular nutrition surveys that are statistically representative at national level. The last survey was published in 2012.
  • The Government of Gabon has only achieved two high doses of vitamin A supplementation for 2% of children in 2012.
  • Weak access to improved sanitation facilities (41.9% in 2015) obstructs better hunger and nutrition outcomes.
  • In Gabon, constitutional protection of the right to food is weak.
  • Social safety nets in Gabon are basic and only cover few risks for a limited number of beneficiaries.

Hunger Reduction Commitment Index (HRCI)

Public Spending Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Public spending on agriculture as share of total public spending
?
1.00%201342nd
Public spending on health as share of total public spending
?
7.4%201437th
Policies Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Access to land (security of tenure)
?
Moderate201133rd
Access to agricultural research and extension services
?
Weak200745th
Civil registration system — coverage of live births
?
89.6%20127th
Functioning of social protection systems
?
Weak20148th
Laws Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Level of constitutional protection of the right to food
?
Weak201131st
Equality of women’s access to agricultural land
?
In Law, not in Practice20141st
Equality of women’s economic rights
?
Not in Law201126th
Constitutional right to social security
?
Yes20061st

Nutrition Commitment Index (NCI)

Public Spending Score Year NCI rank of 45
Separate budget for nutrition
?
Sectoral only201418th
Policies Score Year NCI rank of 45
Vitamin A supplementation coverage for children
?
2.0%201245th
Government promotes complementary feeding
?
Yes20111st
Population with access to an improved water source
?
93.2%20155th
Population with access to improved sanitation
?
41.9%201516th
Health care visits for pregnant women
?
94.7%201216th
Nutrition features in national development policy
?
Weak2011-201635th
National Nutrition Policy/Strategy
?
Yes20131st
Multisector and multistakeholder policy coordination
?
No201336th
Time bound nutrition targets
?
Yes20131st
National nutrition survey in last 3 years
?
No201235th
Laws Score Year NCI rank of 45
Enshrine ICBMS in domestic law
?
Fully enshrined20161st