Key data for Gabon

NCI21st HRCI38th HANCI34th
HANCI-Africa compares 45 African countries for their performance on 22 indicators of political commitment to reduce hunger and undernutrition. All the countries compared in the index have high rates of hunger and undernutrition. The comparative approach of the index means that country scores are calculated in relation to the political commitment of the other countries in the index.
Existing rates of: Stunting: 17.5% Wasting: 3.4% Proportion of population underweight: 3.4% Source: Government of Gabon (DHS, 2012)

Strong Performance

  • The National Nutrition Policy/Strategy identifies time bound nutrition targets and a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism has been set up.
  • The Government has fully enshrined the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes into domestic law.
  • The Government of Gabon promotes complementary feeding practices.
  • 93.3% of the population of Gabon in 2015 has access to an improved drinking water source.
  • In Gabon 94.7% of women aged 15-49 were visited at least once during pregnancy by skilled health personnel in 2012.
  • In Gabon, constitutional protection of the right to social security is strong.

Areas for improvement

  • Spending on agriculture (0.6% of public spending in 2016), does not meet government commitments set out in the African Union’s Maputo Declaration (10% of public spending).
  • Gabon’s spending in its health sector (7% of public spending in 2015) does not fully meet (15%) commitments set out in the Abuja Declaration.
  • Extension services are the preserve of government and poor farmers have no say in setting policy priorities. The agricultural research and extension system is not properly reaching out to poor farmers. There is no policy promoting gender equity in access to extension services.
  • In Gabon, the law does not give women economic rights equal to men. Men and women have equal legal access to agricultural land, but this is not effectively enforced and discriminatory practices against women continue, increasing their vulnerability to hunger and undernutrition.
  • Relative to other HANCI countries, Gabon’s medium/long term national development policy (Plan Strategique du Gabon Emergent) places weak importance to nutrition.
  • Policymakers in Gabon do not benefit from regular nutrition surveys that are statistically representative at national level. The last survey was published in 2012.
  • The Government of Gabon has achieved two high doses of vitamin A supplementation for only 2% of children in 2012.
  • Weak access to improved sanitation facilities (40.9% in 2015) obstructs better hunger and nutrition outcomes.
  • In Gabon, constitutional protection of the right to food is weak.
  • Social safety nets in Gabon are basic and only cover few risks for a limited number of beneficiaries.

Hunger Reduction Commitment Index (HRCI)

Public Spending Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Public spending on agriculture as share of total public spending
?
0.6%201645th
Public spending on health as share of total public spending
?
7%201522nd
Policies Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Access to land (security of tenure)
?
Moderate2016Joint 19th
Access to agricultural research and extension services
?
Weak200745th
Civil registration system — coverage of live births
?
89.6%20128th
Functioning of social protection systems
?
Weak2014Joint 8th
Laws Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Level of constitutional protection of the right to food
?
Weak2016Joint 29th
Equality of women’s access to agricultural land
?
In Law, not in Practice2014Joint 1st
Equality of women’s economic rights
?
Not in Law2014Joint 26th
Constitutional right to social security
?
Yes2017Joint 1st

Nutrition Commitment Index (NCI)

Public Spending Score Year NCI rank of 45
Separate budget for nutrition
?
Sectoral only2017Joint 17th
Policies Score Year NCI rank of 45
Vitamin A supplementation coverage for children
?
2%201245th
Government promotes complementary feeding
?
Yes2011Joint 1st
Population with access to an improved water source
?
93.3%20158th
Population with access to improved sanitation
?
40.9%201517th
Health care visits for pregnant women
?
94.7%201214th
Nutrition features in national development policy
?
Weak2025Joint 38th
National Nutrition Policy/Strategy
?
Yes2017Joint 1st
Multisector and multistakeholder policy coordination
?
Yes2017Joint 1st
Time bound nutrition targets
?
Yes2017Joint 1st
National nutrition survey in last 3 years
?
No2012Joint 36th
Laws Score Year NCI rank of 45
Enshrine ICBMS in domestic law
?
Fully Enshrined2016Joint 1st