Key data for Egypt

NCI17th HRCI3rd HANCI3rd
HANCI-Africa compares 45 African countries for their performance on 22 indicators of political commitment to reduce hunger and undernutrition. All the countries compared in the index have high rates of hunger and undernutrition. The comparative approach of the index means that country scores are calculated in relation to the political commitment of the other countries in the index.
Existing rates of: Stunting: 22.3% Wasting: 9.5% Proportion of population underweight: 9.5% Source: Government of Egypt (DHS, 2014)

Strong Performance

  • Spending on agriculture (14% of public spending in 2016) meets government commitments set out in the African Union’s Maputo Declaration (10% of public spending).
  • The Government of Egypt has ensured tenure security for rural populations. Land titling is common and land markets function well. Policy promotes equitable access to common property resources. This has been the case for an extended period.
  • The Government encourages varied agricultural research and extension services, and local farmer organisations are involved in setting policy priorities. The extension system is effective and properly reaches out to poor farmers. Government policies, strategies and mechanisms seek to ensure gender equity in access to extension services.
  • Egypt has devised a National Nutrition Policy/Strategy.
  • Policymakers in Egypt benefit from regular nutrition surveys that are statistically representative at national level. The last survey was published in 2014.
  • The Government of Egypt promotes complementary feeding practices.
  • Strong access to an improved source of drinking water (98.8% in 2015) andan improved sanitation facility (93.2% in 2015) drives better hunger and nutrition outcomes in Egypt.
  • In Egypt 90.3% of women aged 15-49 were visited at least once during pregnancy by skilled health personnel in 2014.
  • In Egypt, constitutional protection of the right to food and the right to social security is strong.

Areas for improvement

  • Egypt’s spending in its health sector (4.2% of public spending in 2015) does not fully meet (15%) commitments set out in the Abuja Declaration.
  • In Egypt, the law does not give women economic rights equal to men. Men and women have equal legal access to agricultural land, but this is not effectively enforced and discriminatory practices against women continue, increasing their vulnerability to hunger and undernutrition.
  • Relative to other HANCI countries, Egypt’s medium/long term national development policy (Sustainable Development Strategy: Egypt’s Vision 2030) places weak importance to nutrition.
  • Even though Egypt has developed a National Nutrition Policy/Strategy and clear time-bound nutrition targets, a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism is still lacking.
  • The Government of Egypt has achieved two high doses of vitamin A supplementation for only 62% of children in 2014.
  • Social safety nets in Egypt are basic and only cover few risks for a limited number of beneficiaries.

Hunger Reduction Commitment Index (HRCI)

Public Spending Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Public spending on agriculture as share of total public spending
?
14%20164th
Public spending on health as share of total public spending
?
4.2%2015Joint 36th
Policies Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Access to land (security of tenure)
?
Very Strong20161st
Access to agricultural research and extension services
?
Strong20131st
Civil registration system — coverage of live births
?
99.4%20142nd
Functioning of social protection systems
?
Weak2016Joint 8th
Laws Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Level of constitutional protection of the right to food
?
Strong2016Joint 1st
Equality of women’s access to agricultural land
?
In Law, not in Practice2014Joint 1st
Equality of women’s economic rights
?
Not in Law2014Joint 26th
Constitutional right to social security
?
Yes2017Joint 1st

Nutrition Commitment Index (NCI)

Public Spending Score Year NCI rank of 45
Separate budget for nutrition
?
Sectoral only2017Joint 17th
Policies Score Year NCI rank of 45
Vitamin A supplementation coverage for children
?
62%2014Joint 28th
Government promotes complementary feeding
?
Yes2012Joint 1st
Population with access to an improved water source
?
98.8%20151st
Population with access to improved sanitation
?
93.2%20151st
Health care visits for pregnant women
?
90.3%201428th
Nutrition features in national development policy
?
Weak2016-203033rd
National Nutrition Policy/Strategy
?
Yes2017Joint 1st
Multisector and multistakeholder policy coordination
?
No2017Joint 35th
Time bound nutrition targets
?
Yes2017Joint 1st
National nutrition survey in last 3 years
?
Yes2014Joint 1st
Laws Score Year NCI rank of 45
Enshrine ICBMS in domestic law
?
Many Aspects Enshrined2016Joint 15th