Key data for Congo

NCI40th HRCI21st HANCI35th
HANCI Africa compares 45 countries for their performance on 22 indicators of political commitment to reduce hunger and undernutrition. All the countries compared in the index have high rates of hunger and undernutrition. The comparative approach of the index means that country scores are calculated in relation to the political commitment of the other countries in the index.
Existing rates of: Stunting: 25.00% Wasting: 5.90% Proportion of population underweight: 11.80% Source: Gov. of Congo (DHS, 2011)

Strong Performance

  • Congo has devised a National Nutrition Policy/Strategy.
  • Policymakers in Congo benefit from regular nutrition surveys that are statistically representative at national level. The last survey was published in 2014-2015.
  • The Government of Congo promotes complementary feeding practices and has achieved two high doses of vitamin A supplementation for 99% of children in 2014.
  • In Congo 93.2% of women aged 15-49 were visited at least once during pregnancy by skilled health personnel in 2015.
  • In Congo, constitutional protection of the right to food and the right to social security is strong.
  • Strong civil registration rates (90.8% in 2011-2012) potentially enable children’s access to critical public services such as health and education.

Areas for improvement

  • Spending on agriculture (1.45% of public spending in 2014), does not meet government commitments set out in the African Union’s Maputo Declaration (10% of public spending).
  • Congo’s spending in its health sector (8.7% of public spending in 2014) does not fully meet (15%) commitments set out in the Abuja Declaration.
  • In Congo, the law does not give women economic rights equal to men. Men and women have equal legal access to agricultural land, but this is not effectively enforced and discriminatory practices against women continue, increasing their vulnerability to hunger and undernutrition.
  • Relative to other HANCI countries, Congo's medium/long term national development policy (Le Chemin d'avenir) places weak importance to nutrition.
  • Even though Congo has developed a National Nutrition Policy/Strategy, clear time-bound nutrition targets and a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism are still lacking.
  • The Government of Congo has not enshrined the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes into domestic law.
  • Weak access to improved sanitation facilities (15% in 2015) obstructs better hunger and nutrition outcomes.
  • Social safety nets in Congo are basic and only cover few risks for a limited number of beneficiaries.

Hunger Reduction Commitment Index (HRCI)

Public Spending Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Public spending on agriculture as share of total public spending
?
1.45%201441st
Public spending on health as share of total public spending
?
8.7%201429th
Policies Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Access to land (security of tenure)
?
Moderate201432nd
Access to agricultural research and extension services
?
Moderate201334th
Civil registration system — coverage of live births
?
90.8%2011-20126th
Functioning of social protection systems
?
Weak201620th
Laws Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Level of constitutional protection of the right to food
?
Strong20111st
Equality of women’s access to agricultural land
?
In Law, not in Practice20141st
Equality of women’s economic rights
?
Not in Law201126th
Constitutional right to social security
?
Yes20111st

Nutrition Commitment Index (NCI)

Public Spending Score Year NCI rank of 45
Separate budget for nutrition
?
Sectoral only201118th
Policies Score Year NCI rank of 45
Vitamin A supplementation coverage for children
?
99.0%20142nd
Government promotes complementary feeding
?
Yes20141st
Population with access to an improved water source
?
76.5%201525th
Population with access to improved sanitation
?
15.0%201539th
Health care visits for pregnant women
?
93.2%201521st
Nutrition features in national development policy
?
Weak2009-201635th
National Nutrition Policy/Strategy
?
Yes20121st
Multisector and multistakeholder policy coordination
?
No201536th
Time bound nutrition targets
?
No201432nd
National nutrition survey in last 3 years
?
Yes2014-20151st
Laws Score Year NCI rank of 45
Enshrine ICBMS in domestic law
?
Not Enshrined in Law201633rd