Key data for Congo

NCI38th HRCI41st HANCI43rd
HANCI-Africa compares 45 African countries for their performance on 22 indicators of political commitment to reduce hunger and undernutrition. All the countries compared in the index have high rates of hunger and undernutrition. The comparative approach of the index means that country scores are calculated in relation to the political commitment of the other countries in the index.
Existing rates of: Stunting: 21.2% Wasting: 8.2% Proportion of population underweight: 8.2% Source: Government of Congo (MICS5, 2014-15)

Strong Performance

  • Congo has devised a National Nutrition Policy/Strategy.
  • Policymakers in Congo benefit from regular nutrition surveys that are statistically representative at national level. The last survey was published in 2014-2015.
  • The Government of Congo promotes complementary feeding practices and has achieved two high doses of vitamin A supplementation for 99% of children in 2015.
  • In Congo 93.2% of women aged 15-49 were visited at least once during pregnancy by skilled health personnel in 2014-2015.
  • Strong civil registration rates (95.9% in 2014-2015) potentially enable children’s access to critical public services such as health and education.

Areas for improvement

  • Spending on agriculture (1.6% of public spending in 2016), does not meet government commitments set out in the African Union’s Maputo Declaration (10% of public spending).
  • Congo’s spending in its health sector (3.1% of public spending in 2015) does not fully meet (15%) commitments set out in the Abuja Declaration.
  • In Congo, the law does not give women economic rights equal to men. Men and women have equal legal access to agricultural land, but this is not effectively enforced and discriminatory practices against women continue, increasing their vulnerability to hunger and undernutrition.
  • Relative to other HANCI countries, Congo’s medium/long term national development policy (Le Chemin d’Avenir) places weak importance to nutrition.
  • Even though Congo has developed a National Nutrition Policy/Strategy, clear time-bound nutrition targets and a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism are still lacking.
  • The Government of Congo has not enshrined the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes into domestic law.
  • Weak access to improved sanitation facilities (15% in 2015) obstructs better hunger and nutrition outcomes.
  • In Congo, constitutional protection of the right to food and the right to social security is weak.
  • Social safety nets in Congo are basic and only cover few risks for a limited number of beneficiaries.

Hunger Reduction Commitment Index (HRCI)

Public Spending Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Public spending on agriculture as share of total public spending
?
1.6%201641st
Public spending on health as share of total public spending
?
3.1%2015Joint 41st
Policies Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Access to land (security of tenure)
?
Moderate2016Joint 17th
Access to agricultural research and extension services
?
Moderate2013Joint 34th
Civil registration system — coverage of live births
?
95.9%2014-20154th
Functioning of social protection systems
?
Weak2016Joint 21st
Laws Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Level of constitutional protection of the right to food
?
Weak2016Joint 29th
Equality of women’s access to agricultural land
?
In Law, not in Practice2014Joint 1st
Equality of women’s economic rights
?
Not in Law2014Joint 26th
Constitutional right to social security
?
No2017Joint 29th

Nutrition Commitment Index (NCI)

Public Spending Score Year NCI rank of 45
Separate budget for nutrition
?
Sectoral only2017Joint 17th
Policies Score Year NCI rank of 45
Vitamin A supplementation coverage for children
?
99%2015Joint 2nd
Government promotes complementary feeding
?
Yes2014Joint 1st
Population with access to an improved water source
?
81.4%201518th
Population with access to improved sanitation
?
15%201537th
Health care visits for pregnant women
?
93.2%2014-201520th
Nutrition features in national development policy
?
Weak2009-2016Joint 38th
National Nutrition Policy/Strategy
?
Yes2017Joint 1st
Multisector and multistakeholder policy coordination
?
No2017Joint 35th
Time bound nutrition targets
?
No2017Joint 39th
National nutrition survey in last 3 years
?
Yes2014-2015Joint 1st
Laws Score Year NCI rank of 45
Enshrine ICBMS in domestic law
?
Not Enshrined in Law2016Joint 33rd