Key data for Democratic Republic of the Congo

NCI13th HRCI35th HANCI29th
HANCI-Africa compares 45 African countries for their performance on 22 indicators of political commitment to reduce hunger and undernutrition. All the countries compared in the index have high rates of hunger and undernutrition. The comparative approach of the index means that country scores are calculated in relation to the political commitment of the other countries in the index.
Existing rates of: Stunting: 42.6% Wasting: 8.1% Proportion of population underweight: 8.1% Source: Government of Democratic Republic of the Congo (DHS, 2013-14)

Strong Performance

  • Relative to other HANCI countries, DR Congo’s medium/long term national development policy (Second generation growth and poverty reduction strategy paper (GPRSP II)) assigns strong importance to nutrition.
  • DR Congo instituted a separate budget line for nutrition, enabling transparency and accountability for spending.
  • The National Nutrition Policy/Strategy identifies time bound nutrition targets and a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism has been set up.
  • Policymakers in DR Congo benefit from regular nutrition surveys that are statistically representative at national level. The last survey was published in 2013-2014.
  • The Government of DR Congo promotes complementary feeding practices and has achieved two high doses of vitamin A supplementation for 94% of children in 2015.
  • In DR Congo, constitutional protection of the right to food and the right to social security is strong.

Areas for improvement

  • Spending on agriculture (2.4% of public spending in 2016), does not meet government commitments set out in the African Union’s Maputo Declaration (10% of public spending).
  • DR Congo’s spending in its health sector (5% of public spending in 2015) does not fully meet (15%) commitments set out in the Abuja Declaration.
  • In DR Congo, the law does not give women economic rights equal to men. Men and women have equal legal access to agricultural land, but this is not effectively enforced and discriminatory practices against women continue, increasing their vulnerability to hunger and undernutrition.
  • Weak access to an improved source of drinking water (54.1% in 2015) and an improved sanitation facility (19.7% in 2015) prevents positive outcomes for hunger and nutrition in DR Congo.
  • The Government of DR Congo does not provide social safety nets.
  • Civil registration rates are weak (24.6% in 2013-2014) and potentially hold back children’s access to critical public services such as health and education.

Hunger Reduction Commitment Index (HRCI)

Public Spending Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Public spending on agriculture as share of total public spending
?
2.4%201636th
Public spending on health as share of total public spending
?
5%2015Joint 32nd
Policies Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Access to land (security of tenure)
?
Moderate201633rd
Access to agricultural research and extension services
?
Moderate2013Joint 27th
Civil registration system — coverage of live births
?
24.6%2013-2014Joint 40th
Functioning of social protection systems
?
Very Weak2016Joint 43rd
Laws Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Level of constitutional protection of the right to food
?
Strong2016Joint 1st
Equality of women’s access to agricultural land
?
In Law, not in Practice2014Joint 1st
Equality of women’s economic rights
?
Not in Law2014Joint 26th
Constitutional right to social security
?
Yes2011Joint 1st

Nutrition Commitment Index (NCI)

Public Spending Score Year NCI rank of 45
Separate budget for nutrition
?
Yes2016Joint 1st
Policies Score Year NCI rank of 45
Vitamin A supplementation coverage for children
?
94%201512th
Government promotes complementary feeding
?
Yes2014Joint 1st
Population with access to an improved water source
?
54.1%201543rd
Population with access to improved sanitation
?
19.7%201535th
Health care visits for pregnant women
?
88.4%2013-201429th
Nutrition features in national development policy
?
Strong2011-201512th
National Nutrition Policy/Strategy
?
Yes2017Joint 1st
Multisector and multistakeholder policy coordination
?
Yes2017Joint 1st
Time bound nutrition targets
?
Yes2017Joint 1st
National nutrition survey in last 3 years
?
Yes2013-2014Joint 1st
Laws Score Year NCI rank of 45
Enshrine ICBMS in domestic law
?
Many Aspects Enshrined2016Joint 15th