Key data for Congo, DR

NCI14th HRCI34th HANCI26th
HANCI Africa compares 45 countries for their performance on 22 indicators of political commitment to reduce hunger and undernutrition. All the countries compared in the index have high rates of hunger and undernutrition. The comparative approach of the index means that country scores are calculated in relation to the political commitment of the other countries in the index.
Existing rates of: Stunting: 42.60% Wasting: 8.10% Proportion of population underweight: 23.40% Source: Gov. of Democratic Republic of the Congo (DHS, 2013)

Strong Performance

  • Relative to other HANCI countries, DR Congo's medium/long term national development policy (Second generation growth and poverty reduction strategy paper) assigns strong importance to nutrition.
  • DR Congo instituted a separate budget line for nutrition, enabling transparency and accountability for spending.
  • DR Congo has devised a National Nutrition Policy/Strategy.
  • DR Congo has introduced a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism to support delivery of the National Nutrition Policy/Strategy.
  • Policymakers in DR Congo benefit from regular nutrition surveys that are statistically representative at national level. The last survey was published in 2013-2014.
  • The Government of DR Congo promotes complementary feeding practices and has achieved two high doses of vitamin A supplementation for 99% of children in 2014.
  • In DR Congo, constitutional protection of the right to social security is strong.

Areas for improvement

  • Spending on agriculture (7.18% of public spending in 2014), does not meet government commitments set out in the African Union’s Maputo Declaration (10% of public spending).
  • DR Congo’s spending in its health sector (11.1% of public spending in 2014) does not fully meet (15%) commitments set out in the Abuja Declaration.
  • In DR Congo, the law does not give women economic rights equal to men. Men and women have equal legal access to agricultural land, but this is not effectively enforced and discriminatory practices against women continue, increasing their vulnerability to hunger and undernutrition.
  • Even though DR Congo has developed a National Nutrition Policy/Strategy and a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism, clear time-bound nutrition targets are still lacking.
  • Weak access to an improved source of drinking water (52.4% in 2015) and an improved sanitation facility (28.7% in 2015) prevents positive outcomes for hunger and nutrition in DR Congo.
  • In DR Congo, constitutional protection of the right to food is weak.
  • The Government of DR Congo does not provide social safety nets.
  • Civil registration rates are weak (27.8% in 2010) and potentially hold back children’s access to critical public services such as health and education.

Hunger Reduction Commitment Index (HRCI)

Public Spending Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Public spending on agriculture as share of total public spending
?
7.18%201413th
Public spending on health as share of total public spending
?
11.1%201418th
Policies Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Access to land (security of tenure)
?
Moderate201430th
Access to agricultural research and extension services
?
Moderate201327th
Civil registration system — coverage of live births
?
27.8%201039th
Functioning of social protection systems
?
Weak201643rd
Laws Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Level of constitutional protection of the right to food
?
Weak201131st
Equality of women’s access to agricultural land
?
In Law, not in Practice20141st
Equality of women’s economic rights
?
Not in Law201126th
Constitutional right to social security
?
Yes20111st

Nutrition Commitment Index (NCI)

Public Spending Score Year NCI rank of 45
Separate budget for nutrition
?
Yes20151st
Policies Score Year NCI rank of 45
Vitamin A supplementation coverage for children
?
99.0%20142nd
Government promotes complementary feeding
?
Yes20141st
Population with access to an improved water source
?
52.4%201541st
Population with access to improved sanitation
?
28.7%201526th
Health care visits for pregnant women
?
88.4%201429th
Nutrition features in national development policy
?
Strong2011 - 201512th
National Nutrition Policy/Strategy
?
Yes20151st
Multisector and multistakeholder policy coordination
?
Yes20151st
Time bound nutrition targets
?
No201232nd
National nutrition survey in last 3 years
?
Yes2013-20141st
Laws Score Year NCI rank of 45
Enshrine ICBMS in domestic law
?
Many Aspects Enshrined201615th