Key data for Comoros

NCI39th HRCI42nd HANCI43rd
HANCI Africa compares 45 countries for their performance on 22 indicators of political commitment to reduce hunger and undernutrition. All the countries compared in the index have high rates of hunger and undernutrition. The comparative approach of the index means that country scores are calculated in relation to the political commitment of the other countries in the index.
Existing rates of: Stunting: 32.10% Wasting: 11.10% Proportion of population underweight: 16.90% Source: Gov. of Comoros (DHS and MICS, 2012)

Strong Performance

  • Comoros has devised a National Nutrition Policy/Strategy.
  • Comoros has introduced a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism to support delivery of the National Nutrition Policy/Strategy.
  • 90.1% of the population of Comoros in 2015 has access to an improved drinking water source.
  • In Comoros 92.1% of women aged 15-49 were visited at least once during pregnancy by skilled health personnel in 2012.

Areas for improvement

  • Spending on agriculture (1.8% of public spending in 2005), does not meet government commitments set out in the African Union’s Maputo Declaration (10% of public spending).
  • Comoros’s spending in its health sector (8.7% of public spending in 2014) does not fully meet (15%) commitments set out in the Abuja Declaration.
  • Extension services are the preserve of government and poor farmers have no say in setting policy priorities. The agricultural research and extension system is not properly reaching out to poor farmers. There is no policy promoting gender equity in access to extension services.
  • In Comoros, the law gives women and men equal economic rights and equal legal access to agricultural land. However, these laws are not effectively enforced and discriminatory practices against women continue, increasing their vulnerability to hunger and undernutrition.
  • Comoros does not have a separate budget line for nutrition; this prevents transparency and accountability for spending.
  • Even though Comoros has developed a National Nutrition Policy/Strategy and a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism, clear time-bound nutrition targets are still lacking.
  • Policymakers in Comoros do not benefit from regular nutrition surveys that are statistically representative at national level. The last survey was published in 2012.
  • The Government of Comoros does not promote complementary feeding practices and has only achieved two high doses of vitamin A supplementation for 14% of children in 2014.
  • Weak access to improved sanitation facilities (35.8% in 2015) obstructs better hunger and nutrition outcomes.
  • In Comoros, constitutional protection of the right to food and the right to social security is weak.
  • Social safety nets in Comoros are basic and only cover few risks for a limited number of beneficiaries.

Hunger Reduction Commitment Index (HRCI)

Public Spending Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Public spending on agriculture as share of total public spending
?
1.80%200538th
Public spending on health as share of total public spending
?
8.7%201429th
Policies Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Access to land (security of tenure)
?
Moderate201421st
Access to agricultural research and extension services
?
Weak201344th
Civil registration system — coverage of live births
?
87.3%20128th
Functioning of social protection systems
?
Weak201440th
Laws Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Level of constitutional protection of the right to food
?
Weak201631st
Equality of women’s access to agricultural land
?
In Law, not in Practice20121st
Equality of women’s economic rights
?
In Law, not in Practice20117th
Constitutional right to social security
?
No200928th

Nutrition Commitment Index (NCI)

Public Spending Score Year NCI rank of 45
Separate budget for nutrition
?
Sectoral only201529th
Policies Score Year NCI rank of 45
Vitamin A supplementation coverage for children
?
14.0%201442nd
Government promotes complementary feeding
?
No201442nd
Population with access to an improved water source
?
90.1%201511th
Population with access to improved sanitation
?
35.8%201520th
Health care visits for pregnant women
?
92.1%201224th
Nutrition features in national development policy
?
Moderate2016 - 202023rd
National Nutrition Policy/Strategy
?
Yes20131st
Multisector and multistakeholder policy coordination
?
Yes20151st
Time bound nutrition targets
?
No201432nd
National nutrition survey in last 3 years
?
No201235th
Laws Score Year NCI rank of 45
Enshrine ICBMS in domestic law
?
Many Aspects Enshrined201615th