Key data for Comoros

NCI40th HRCI43rd HANCI45th
HANCI-Africa compares 45 African countries for their performance on 22 indicators of political commitment to reduce hunger and undernutrition. All the countries compared in the index have high rates of hunger and undernutrition. The comparative approach of the index means that country scores are calculated in relation to the political commitment of the other countries in the index.
Existing rates of: Stunting: 32.1% Wasting: 11.1% Proportion of population underweight: 11.1% Source: Government of Comoros (DHS and MICS, 2012)

Strong Performance

  • Comoros has devised a National Nutrition Policy/Strategy.
  • Comoros has introduced a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism to support delivery of the National Nutrition Policy/Strategy.
  • In Comoros 92.1% of women aged 15-49 were visited at least once during pregnancy by skilled health personnel in 2012.

Areas for improvement

  • Spending on agriculture (1% of public spending in 2015), does not meet government commitments set out in the African Union’s Maputo Declaration (10% of public spending).
  • Comoros’s spending in its health sector (3.8% of public spending in 2015) does not fully meet (15%) commitments set out in the Abuja Declaration.
  • Extension services are the preserve of government and poor farmers have no say in setting policy priorities. The agricultural research and extension system is not properly reaching out to poor farmers. There is no policy promoting gender equity in access to extension services.
  • In Comoros, the law gives women and men equal economic rights and equal legal access to agricultural land. However, these laws are not effectively enforced and discriminatory practices against women continue, increasing their vulnerability to hunger and undernutrition.
  • Comoros does not have a separate budget line for nutrition; this prevents transparency and accountability for spending.
  • Even though Comoros has developed a National Nutrition Policy/Strategy and a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism, clear time-bound nutrition targets are still lacking.
  • Policymakers in Comoros do not benefit from regular nutrition surveys that are statistically representative at national level. The last survey was published in 2012.
  • The Government of Comoros does not promote complementary feeding practices and has achieved two high doses of vitamin A supplementation for only 12% of children in 2015.
  • Weak access to improved sanitation facilities (34.2% in 2015) obstructs better hunger and nutrition outcomes.
  • In Comoros, constitutional protection of the right to food and the right to social security is weak.
  • Social safety nets in Comoros are basic and only cover few risks for a limited number of beneficiaries.

Hunger Reduction Commitment Index (HRCI)

Public Spending Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Public spending on agriculture as share of total public spending
?
1%201543rd
Public spending on health as share of total public spending
?
3.8%201538th
Policies Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Access to land (security of tenure)
?
Moderate2016Joint 25th
Access to agricultural research and extension services
?
Weak201344th
Civil registration system — coverage of live births
?
87.3%20129th
Functioning of social protection systems
?
Weak2014Joint 41st
Laws Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Level of constitutional protection of the right to food
?
Weak2016Joint 29th
Equality of women’s access to agricultural land
?
In Law, not in Practice2012Joint 1st
Equality of women’s economic rights
?
In Law, not in Practice2011Joint 1st
Constitutional right to social security
?
No2009Joint 29th

Nutrition Commitment Index (NCI)

Public Spending Score Year NCI rank of 45
Separate budget for nutrition
?
No2017Joint 33rd
Policies Score Year NCI rank of 45
Vitamin A supplementation coverage for children
?
12%201543rd
Government promotes complementary feeding
?
No2014Joint 42nd
Population with access to an improved water source
?
89.9%20159th
Population with access to improved sanitation
?
34.2%201521st
Health care visits for pregnant women
?
92.1%201223rd
Nutrition features in national development policy
?
Moderate2016-202025th
National Nutrition Policy/Strategy
?
Yes2013Joint 1st
Multisector and multistakeholder policy coordination
?
Yes2017Joint 1st
Time bound nutrition targets
?
No2017Joint 39th
National nutrition survey in last 3 years
?
No2012Joint 36th
Laws Score Year NCI rank of 45
Enshrine ICBMS in domestic law
?
Many Aspects Enshrined2016Joint 15th