Key data for Chad

NCI32nd HRCI42nd HANCI38th
HANCI-Africa compares 45 African countries for their performance on 22 indicators of political commitment to reduce hunger and undernutrition. All the countries compared in the index have high rates of hunger and undernutrition. The comparative approach of the index means that country scores are calculated in relation to the political commitment of the other countries in the index.
Existing rates of: Stunting: 39.9% Wasting: 13% Proportion of population underweight: 13% Source: Government of Chad (DHS and MICS, 2014-15)

Strong Performance

  • Chad instituted a separate budget line for nutrition, enabling transparency and accountability for spending.
  • The National Nutrition Policy/Strategy identifies time bound nutrition targets and a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism has been set up.
  • Policymakers in Chad benefit from regular nutrition surveys that are statistically representative at national level. The last survey was published in 2015.
  • The Government of Chad promotes complementary feeding practices.

Areas for improvement

  • Spending on agriculture (8.3% of public spending in 2016) is close to, yet not fully meeting government commitments set out in the African Union’s Maputo Declaration (10% of public spending).
  • Chad’s spending in its health sector (6.3% of public spending in 2015) does not fully meet (15%) commitments set out in the Abuja Declaration.
  • The Government of Chad has not ensured tenure security for rural populations. Land titling is weak and land markets do not function well.
  • In Chad, the law does not give women economic rights equal to men. Men and women have equal legal access to agricultural land, but this is not effectively enforced and discriminatory practices against women continue, increasing their vulnerability to hunger and undernutrition.
  • The Government of Chad has not enshrined the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes into domestic law.
  • Weak access to an improved source of drinking water (55% in 2015) and an improved sanitation facility (9.5% in 2015) prevents positive outcomes for hunger and nutrition in Chad.
  • In Chad only 54.7% of women aged 15-49 were visited at least once during pregnancy by skilled health personnel in 2014-2015.
  • In Chad, constitutional protection of the right to food and the right to social security is weak.
  • Social safety nets in Chad are basic and only cover few risks for a limited number of beneficiaries.

Hunger Reduction Commitment Index (HRCI)

Public Spending Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Public spending on agriculture as share of total public spending
?
8.3%201613th
Public spending on health as share of total public spending
?
6.3%2015Joint 24th
Policies Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Access to land (security of tenure)
?
Weak201643rd
Access to agricultural research and extension services
?
Moderate2013Joint 34th
Civil registration system — coverage of live births
?
12%2014-201543rd
Functioning of social protection systems
?
Weak2016Joint 21st
Laws Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Level of constitutional protection of the right to food
?
Weak2016Joint 29th
Equality of women’s access to agricultural land
?
In Law, not in Practice2012Joint 1st
Equality of women’s economic rights
?
Not in Law2014Joint 26th
Constitutional right to social security
?
No2017Joint 29th

Nutrition Commitment Index (NCI)

Public Spending Score Year NCI rank of 45
Separate budget for nutrition
?
Yes2016Joint 1st
Policies Score Year NCI rank of 45
Vitamin A supplementation coverage for children
?
85%201518th
Government promotes complementary feeding
?
Yes2011Joint 1st
Population with access to an improved water source
?
55%201542nd
Population with access to improved sanitation
?
9.5%201544th
Health care visits for pregnant women
?
54.7%2014-201544th
Nutrition features in national development policy
?
Moderate2017-202121st
National Nutrition Policy/Strategy
?
Yes2017Joint 1st
Multisector and multistakeholder policy coordination
?
Yes2017Joint 1st
Time bound nutrition targets
?
Yes2014Joint 1st
National nutrition survey in last 3 years
?
Yes2015Joint 1st
Laws Score Year NCI rank of 45
Enshrine ICBMS in domestic law
?
Not Enshrined in Law2016Joint 33rd