Key data for Chad

NCI28th HRCI44th HANCI40th
HANCI Africa compares 45 countries for their performance on 22 indicators of political commitment to reduce hunger and undernutrition. All the countries compared in the index have high rates of hunger and undernutrition. The comparative approach of the index means that country scores are calculated in relation to the political commitment of the other countries in the index.
Existing rates of: Stunting: 39.90% Wasting: 13.00% Proportion of population underweight: 28.80% Source: Gov. of Chad (DHS, 2015)

Strong Performance

  • Relative to other HANCI countries, Chad's medium/long term national development policy (Document du strategie pays) assigns strong importance to nutrition.
  • Chad instituted a separate budget line for nutrition, enabling transparency and accountability for spending.
  • The National Nutrition Policy/Strategy identifies time bound nutrition targets and a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism has been set up.
  • Policymakers in Chad benefit from regular nutrition surveys that are statistically representative at national level. The last survey was published in 2015.
  • The Government of Chad promotes complementary feeding practices and has achieved two high doses of vitamin A supplementation for 96% of children in 2014.

Areas for improvement

  • Spending on agriculture (6.53% of public spending in 2014), does not meet government commitments set out in the African Union’s Maputo Declaration (10% of public spending).
  • Chad’s spending in its health sector (9% of public spending in 2014) does not fully meet (15%) commitments set out in the Abuja Declaration.
  • Government of Chad has not ensured tenure security for rural populations. Land titling is weak and land markets do not function well.
  • In Chad, the law does not give women economic rights equal to men. Men and women have equal legal access to agricultural land, but this is not effectively enforced and discriminatory practices against women continue, increasing their vulnerability to hunger and undernutrition.
  • The Government of Chad has not enshrined the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes into domestic law.
  • Weak access to an improved source of drinking water (50.8% in 2015) and an improved sanitation facility (12.1% in 2015) prevents positive outcomes for hunger and nutrition in Chad.
  • In Chad only 53.2% of women aged 15-49 were visited at least once during pregnancy by skilled health personnel in 2010.
  • In Chad, constitutional protection of the right to food and the right to social security is weak.
  • Social safety nets in Chad are basic and only cover few risks for a limited number of beneficiaries.

Hunger Reduction Commitment Index (HRCI)

Public Spending Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Public spending on agriculture as share of total public spending
?
6.53%201416th
Public spending on health as share of total public spending
?
9%201425th
Policies Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Access to land (security of tenure)
?
Weak201442nd
Access to agricultural research and extension services
?
Moderate201334th
Civil registration system — coverage of live births
?
15.7%201043rd
Functioning of social protection systems
?
Weak201620th
Laws Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Level of constitutional protection of the right to food
?
Weak201131st
Equality of women’s access to agricultural land
?
In Law, not in Practice20121st
Equality of women’s economic rights
?
Not in Law201126th
Constitutional right to social security
?
No200628th

Nutrition Commitment Index (NCI)

Public Spending Score Year NCI rank of 45
Separate budget for nutrition
?
Yes20151st
Policies Score Year NCI rank of 45
Vitamin A supplementation coverage for children
?
96.0%201414th
Government promotes complementary feeding
?
Yes20111st
Population with access to an improved water source
?
50.8%201544th
Population with access to improved sanitation
?
12.1%201542nd
Health care visits for pregnant women
?
53.2%201044th
Nutrition features in national development policy
?
Strong2015 - 202010th
National Nutrition Policy/Strategy
?
Yes20151st
Multisector and multistakeholder policy coordination
?
Yes20151st
Time bound nutrition targets
?
Yes20131st
National nutrition survey in last 3 years
?
Yes20151st
Laws Score Year NCI rank of 45
Enshrine ICBMS in domestic law
?
Not Enshrined in Law201633rd