Key data for Cape Verde

NCI19th HRCI2nd HANCI5th
HANCI-Africa compares 45 African countries for their performance on 22 indicators of political commitment to reduce hunger and undernutrition. All the countries compared in the index have high rates of hunger and undernutrition. The comparative approach of the index means that country scores are calculated in relation to the political commitment of the other countries in the index.
Existing rates of: Stunting: 21.4% Wasting: 6.9% Proportion of population underweight: 6.9% Source: Government of Cape Verde (DHS, 1994)

Strong Performance

  • The Government of Cape Verde has ensured tenure security for rural populations. Land titling is common and land markets function well. Policy promotes equitable access to common property resources.
  • The Government encourages varied agricultural research and extension services, and local farmer organisations are involved in setting policy priorities. The extension system is effective and properly reaches out to poor farmers. Government policies, strategies and mechanisms seek to ensure gender equity in access to extension services.
  • Cape Verde has devised a National Nutrition Policy/Strategy.
  • The Government has fully enshrined the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes into domestic law.
  • The Government of Cape Verde promotes complementary feeding practices and has achieved two high doses of vitamin A supplementation for 98% of children in 1996.
  • 96.5% of the population of Cape Verde in 2015 has access to an improved drinking water source.
  • In Cape Verde, constitutional protection of the right to social security is strong.
  • Strong civil registration rates (91% in 2010) potentially enable children’s access to critical public services such as health and education.

Areas for improvement

  • Spending on agriculture (7.3% of public spending in 2016), does not meet government commitments set out in the African Union’s Maputo Declaration (10% of public spending).
  • Cape Verde’s spending in its health sector (10.8% of public spending in 2015) does not fully meet (15%) commitments set out in the Abuja Declaration.
  • In Cape Verde, the law gives women and men equal economic rights and equal legal access to agricultural land. However, these laws are not effectively enforced and discriminatory practices against women continue, increasing their vulnerability to hunger and undernutrition.
  • Relative to other HANCI countries, Cape Verde’s medium/long term national development policy (Growth and poverty Reduction Strategy III) places weak importance to nutrition.
  • Even though Cape Verde has developed a National Nutrition Policy/Strategy and clear time-bound nutrition targets, a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism is still lacking.
  • Policymakers in Cape Verde do not benefit from regular nutrition surveys that are statistically representative at national level. The last survey was published in 2005.
  • Weak access to improved sanitation facilities (65.2% in 2015) obstructs better hunger and nutrition outcomes.
  • Social safety nets in Cape Verde are basic and only cover few risks for a limited number of beneficiaries.

Hunger Reduction Commitment Index (HRCI)

Public Spending Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Public spending on agriculture as share of total public spending
Public spending on health as share of total public spending
10.8%2015Joint 8th
Policies Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Access to land (security of tenure)
Strong2016Joint 11th
Access to agricultural research and extension services
Strong2013Joint 5th
Civil registration system — coverage of live births
Functioning of social protection systems
Weak2014Joint 21st
Laws Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Level of constitutional protection of the right to food
Moderate2014Joint 8th
Equality of women’s access to agricultural land
In Law, not in Practice2011Joint 1st
Equality of women’s economic rights
In Law, not in Practice2011Joint 1st
Constitutional right to social security
Yes2014Joint 1st

Nutrition Commitment Index (NCI)

Public Spending Score Year NCI rank of 45
Separate budget for nutrition
Sectoral only2012Joint 17th
Policies Score Year NCI rank of 45
Vitamin A supplementation coverage for children
Government promotes complementary feeding
Yes2012Joint 1st
Population with access to an improved water source
Population with access to improved sanitation
Health care visits for pregnant women
Nutrition features in national development policy
Weak2012-2016Joint 38th
National Nutrition Policy/Strategy
Yes2017Joint 1st
Multisector and multistakeholder policy coordination
No2013Joint 35th
Time bound nutrition targets
Yes2017Joint 1st
National nutrition survey in last 3 years
No2005Joint 36th
Laws Score Year NCI rank of 45
Enshrine ICBMS in domestic law
Fully Enshrined2016Joint 1st