Key data for Cameroon

NCI7th HRCI35th HANCI23rd
HANCI-Africa compares 45 African countries for their performance on 22 indicators of political commitment to reduce hunger and undernutrition. All the countries compared in the index have high rates of hunger and undernutrition. The comparative approach of the index means that country scores are calculated in relation to the political commitment of the other countries in the index.
Existing rates of: Stunting: 31.7% Wasting: 5.2% Proportion of population underweight: 5.2% Source: Government of Cameroon (MICS5, 2014)

Strong Performance

  • The Government encourages varied agricultural research and extension services, and local farmer organisations are involved in setting policy priorities. The extension system is effective and properly reaches out to poor farmers. Government policies, strategies and mechanisms seek to ensure gender equity in access to extension services.
  • The National Nutrition Policy/Strategy identifies time bound nutrition targets and a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism has been set up.
  • Policymakers in Cameroon benefit from regular nutrition surveys that are statistically representative at national level. The last survey was published in 2014.
  • The Government has fully enshrined the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes into domestic law.
  • The Government of Cameroon promotes complementary feeding practices and has achieved two high doses of vitamin A supplementation for 99% of children in 2015.

Areas for improvement

  • Spending on agriculture (4.3% of public spending in 2016), does not meet government commitments set out in the African Union’s Maputo Declaration (10% of public spending).
  • Cameroon’s spending in its health sector (3.1% of public spending in 2015) does not fully meet (15%) commitments set out in the Abuja Declaration.
  • In Cameroon, the law does not give women economic rights equal to men. Men and women have equal legal access to agricultural land, but this is not effectively enforced and discriminatory practices against women continue, increasing their vulnerability to hunger and undernutrition.
  • Relative to other HANCI countries, Cameroon’s medium/long term national development policy (Growth and Employment Strategy Paper (GESP)) places weak importance to nutrition.
  • Weak access to improved sanitation facilities (38.8% in 2015) obstructs better hunger and nutrition outcomes.
  • In Cameroon, constitutional protection of the right to food and the right to social security is weak.
  • Social safety nets in Cameroon are basic and only cover few risks for a limited number of beneficiaries.
  • Civil registration rates are weak (66.1% in 2014) and potentially hold back children’s access to critical public services such as health and education.

Hunger Reduction Commitment Index (HRCI)

Public Spending Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Public spending on agriculture as share of total public spending
?
4.3%201627th
Public spending on health as share of total public spending
?
3.1%2015Joint 41st
Policies Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Access to land (security of tenure)
?
Moderate2016Joint 25th
Access to agricultural research and extension services
?
Strong201313th
Civil registration system — coverage of live births
?
66.1%201426th
Functioning of social protection systems
?
Weak2016Joint 8th
Laws Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Level of constitutional protection of the right to food
?
Weak2016Joint 29th
Equality of women’s access to agricultural land
?
In Law, not in Practice2014Joint 1st
Equality of women’s economic rights
?
Not in Law2014Joint 26th
Constitutional right to social security
?
No2017Joint 29th

Nutrition Commitment Index (NCI)

Public Spending Score Year NCI rank of 45
Separate budget for nutrition
?
Sectoral only2017Joint 17th
Policies Score Year NCI rank of 45
Vitamin A supplementation coverage for children
?
99%2015Joint 2nd
Government promotes complementary feeding
?
Yes2012Joint 1st
Population with access to an improved water source
?
75.5%201528th
Population with access to improved sanitation
?
38.8%201519th
Health care visits for pregnant women
?
82.8%2014Joint 34th
Nutrition features in national development policy
?
Weak2010-202031st
National Nutrition Policy/Strategy
?
Yes2017Joint 1st
Multisector and multistakeholder policy coordination
?
Yes2017Joint 1st
Time bound nutrition targets
?
Yes2017Joint 1st
National nutrition survey in last 3 years
?
Yes2014Joint 1st
Laws Score Year NCI rank of 45
Enshrine ICBMS in domestic law
?
Fully Enshrined2016Joint 1st