Key data for Burundi

NCI13th HRCI32nd HANCI21st
HANCI-Africa compares 45 African countries for their performance on 22 indicators of political commitment to reduce hunger and undernutrition. All the countries compared in the index have high rates of hunger and undernutrition. The comparative approach of the index means that country scores are calculated in relation to the political commitment of the other countries in the index.
Existing rates of: Stunting: 55.9% Wasting: 5.1% Proportion of population underweight: 5.1% Source: Government of Burundi (EDSB-III, 2016-17)

Strong Performance

  • The National Nutrition Policy/Strategy identifies time bound nutrition targets and a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism has been set up.
  • Policymakers in Burundi benefit from regular nutrition surveys that are statistically representative at national level. The last survey was published in 2016-2017.
  • The Government of Burundi promotes complementary feeding practices.
  • In Burundi 99.2% of women aged 15-49 were visited at least once during pregnancy by skilled health personnel in 2016-2017.

Areas for improvement

  • Spending on agriculture (3% of public spending in 2014), does not meet government commitments set out in the African Union’s Maputo Declaration (10% of public spending).
  • Burundi’s spending in its health sector (11.8% of public spending in 2015) is close to, yet not fully meeting government commitments set out in the African Union’s Abuja Declaration (15% of public spending).
  • In Burundi, the law does not give women economic rights equal to men. Men and women have equal legal access to agricultural land, but this is not effectively enforced and discriminatory practices against women continue, increasing their vulnerability to hunger and undernutrition.
  • Relative to other HANCI countries, Burundi’s medium/long term national development policy (Vision Burundi 2025) places weak importance to nutrition.
  • Weak access to improved sanitation facilities (43.8% in 2017) obstructs better hunger and nutrition outcomes.
  • In Burundi, constitutional protection of the right to social security is weak.
  • Social safety nets in Burundi are basic and only cover few risks for a limited number of beneficiaries.

Hunger Reduction Commitment Index (HRCI)

Public Spending Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Public spending on agriculture as share of total public spending
?
3%2014Joint 34th
Public spending on health as share of total public spending
?
11.8%20157th
Policies Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Access to land (security of tenure)
?
Moderate2016Joint 25th
Access to agricultural research and extension services
?
Moderate2013Joint 29th
Civil registration system — coverage of live births
?
75.2%201019th
Functioning of social protection systems
?
Weak2016Joint 21st
Laws Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Level of constitutional protection of the right to food
?
Moderate2016Joint 8th
Equality of women’s access to agricultural land
?
In Law, not in Practice2014Joint 1st
Equality of women’s economic rights
?
Not in Law2014Joint 26th
Constitutional right to social security
?
No2011Joint 29th

Nutrition Commitment Index (NCI)

Public Spending Score Year NCI rank of 45
Separate budget for nutrition
?
Sectoral only2017Joint 17th
Policies Score Year NCI rank of 45
Vitamin A supplementation coverage for children
?
71%201524th
Government promotes complementary feeding
?
Yes2014Joint 1st
Population with access to an improved water source
?
82.8%201717th
Population with access to improved sanitation
?
43.8%201714th
Health care visits for pregnant women
?
99.2%2016-20171st
Nutrition features in national development policy
?
Weak2011-201534th
National Nutrition Policy/Strategy
?
Yes2017Joint 1st
Multisector and multistakeholder policy coordination
?
Yes2017Joint 1st
Time bound nutrition targets
?
Yes2016Joint 1st
National nutrition survey in last 3 years
?
Yes2016-2017Joint 1st
Laws Score Year NCI rank of 45
Enshrine ICBMS in domestic law
?
Many Aspects Enshrined2016Joint 15th