Key data for Benin

NCI18th HRCI18th HANCI16th
HANCI Africa compares 45 countries for their performance on 22 indicators of political commitment to reduce hunger and undernutrition. All the countries compared in the index have high rates of hunger and undernutrition. The comparative approach of the index means that country scores are calculated in relation to the political commitment of the other countries in the index.
Existing rates of: Stunting: 34.00% Wasting: 4.50% Proportion of population underweight: 18.00% Source: Gov. of Benin (MICS, 2014)

Strong Performance

  • The Government encourages varied agricultural research and extension services, and local farmer organisations are involved in setting policy priorities. The extension system is effective and properly reaches out to poor farmers. Government policies, strategies and mechanisms seek to ensure gender equity in access to extension services.
  • Benin has introduced a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism to support delivery of the National Nutrition Policy/Strategy.
  • Policymakers in Benin benefit from regular nutrition surveys that are statistically representative at national level. The last survey was published in 2014.
  • The Government has fully enshrined the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes into domestic law.
  • The Government of Benin promotes complementary feeding practices and has achieved two high doses of vitamin A supplementation for 99% of children in 2014.

Areas for improvement

  • Spending on agriculture (7.97% of public spending in 2014) is close to, yet not fully meeting government commitments set out in the African Union’s Maputo Declaration (10% of public spending).
  • Benin’s spending in its health sector (9.6% of public spending in 2014) does not fully meet (15%) commitments set out in the Abuja Declaration.
  • In Benin, the law gives women and men equal economic rights and equal legal access to agricultural land. However, these laws are not effectively enforced and discriminatory practices against women continue, increasing their vulnerability to hunger and undernutrition.
  • Benin does not have a separate budget line for nutrition; this prevents transparency and accountability for spending.
  • Benin does not yet have a National Nutrition Policy/Strategy.
  • Weak access to improved sanitation facilities (19.7% in 2015) obstructs better hunger and nutrition outcomes.
  • In Benin, constitutional protection of the right to social security is weak.
  • Social safety nets in Benin are basic and only cover few risks for a limited number of beneficiaries.

Hunger Reduction Commitment Index (HRCI)

Public Spending Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Public spending on agriculture as share of total public spending
?
7.97%201411th
Public spending on health as share of total public spending
?
9.6%201424th
Policies Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Access to land (security of tenure)
?
Moderate201433rd
Access to agricultural research and extension services
?
Strong20132nd
Civil registration system — coverage of live births
?
80.2%2011-201213th
Functioning of social protection systems
?
Weak201620th
Laws Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Level of constitutional protection of the right to food
?
Moderate20148th
Equality of women’s access to agricultural land
?
In Law, not in Practice20141st
Equality of women’s economic rights
?
In Law, not in Practice20117th
Constitutional right to social security
?
No200628th

Nutrition Commitment Index (NCI)

Public Spending Score Year NCI rank of 45
Separate budget for nutrition
?
Sectoral only201529th
Policies Score Year NCI rank of 45
Vitamin A supplementation coverage for children
?
99.0%20142nd
Government promotes complementary feeding
?
Yes20101st
Population with access to an improved water source
?
77.9%201521st
Population with access to improved sanitation
?
19.7%201534th
Health care visits for pregnant women
?
82.8%201434th
Nutrition features in national development policy
?
Moderate2011–201518th
National Nutrition Policy/Strategy
?
No201544th
Multisector and multistakeholder policy coordination
?
Yes20151st
Time bound nutrition targets
?
Yes20151st
National nutrition survey in last 3 years
?
Yes20141st
Laws Score Year NCI rank of 45
Enshrine ICBMS in domestic law
?
Fully enshrined20161st