Key data for Benin

NCI26th HRCI23rd HANCI26th
HANCI-Africa compares 45 African countries for their performance on 22 indicators of political commitment to reduce hunger and undernutrition. All the countries compared in the index have high rates of hunger and undernutrition. The comparative approach of the index means that country scores are calculated in relation to the political commitment of the other countries in the index.
Existing rates of: Stunting: 34% Wasting: 4.5% Proportion of population underweight: 4.5% Source: Government of Benin (MICS, 2014)

Strong Performance

  • The Government encourages varied agricultural research and extension services, and local farmer organisations are involved in setting policy priorities. The extension system is effective and properly reaches out to poor farmers. Government policies, strategies and mechanisms seek to ensure gender equity in access to extension services.
  • Benin has introduced a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism to support delivery of the National Nutrition Policy/Strategy.
  • Policymakers in Benin benefit from regular nutrition surveys that are statistically representative at national level. The last survey was published in 2017.
  • The Government has fully enshrined the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes into domestic law.
  • The Government of Benin promotes complementary feeding practices and has achieved two high doses of vitamin A supplementation for 95% of children in 2015.

Areas for improvement

  • Spending on agriculture (9.3% of public spending in 2016) is close to, yet not fully meeting government commitments set out in the African Union’s Maputo Declaration (10% of public spending).
  • Benin’s spending in its health sector (3.4% of public spending in 2015) does not fully meet (15%) commitments set out in the Abuja Declaration.
  • In Benin, the law gives women and men equal economic rights and equal legal access to agricultural land. However, these laws are not effectively enforced and discriminatory practices against women continue, increasing their vulnerability to hunger and undernutrition.
  • Benin does not have a separate budget line for nutrition; this prevents transparency and accountability for spending.
  • Benin does not yet have a National Nutrition Policy/Strategy.
  • Weak access to improved sanitation facilities (13.9% in 2015) obstructs better hunger and nutrition outcomes.
  • In Benin, constitutional protection of the right to social security is weak.
  • Social safety nets in Benin are basic and only cover few risks for a limited number of beneficiaries.

Hunger Reduction Commitment Index (HRCI)

Public Spending Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Public spending on agriculture as share of total public spending
?
9.3%201611th
Public spending on health as share of total public spending
?
3.4%201540th
Policies Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Access to land (security of tenure)
?
Moderate2016Joint 34th
Access to agricultural research and extension services
?
Strong2013Joint 2nd
Civil registration system — coverage of live births
?
84.8%201412th
Functioning of social protection systems
?
Weak2016Joint 21st
Laws Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Level of constitutional protection of the right to food
?
Moderate2014Joint 8th
Equality of women’s access to agricultural land
?
In Law, not in Practice2014Joint 1st
Equality of women’s economic rights
?
In Law, not in Practice2014Joint 1st
Constitutional right to social security
?
No2006Joint 29th

Nutrition Commitment Index (NCI)

Public Spending Score Year NCI rank of 45
Separate budget for nutrition
?
No2017Joint 33rd
Policies Score Year NCI rank of 45
Vitamin A supplementation coverage for children
?
95%201511th
Government promotes complementary feeding
?
Yes2010Joint 1st
Population with access to an improved water source
?
75.5%201529th
Population with access to improved sanitation
?
13.9%201541st
Health care visits for pregnant women
?
82.8%2014Joint 34th
Nutrition features in national development policy
?
Moderate2011-201518th
National Nutrition Policy/Strategy
?
No2017Joint 40th
Multisector and multistakeholder policy coordination
?
Yes2017Joint 1st
Time bound nutrition targets
?
Yes2016Joint 1st
National nutrition survey in last 3 years
?
Yes2017Joint 1st
Laws Score Year NCI rank of 45
Enshrine ICBMS in domestic law
?
Fully Enshrined2016Joint 1st