Key data for Angola

NCI45th HRCI35th HANCI42nd
HANCI Africa compares 45 countries for their performance on 22 indicators of political commitment to reduce hunger and undernutrition. All the countries compared in the index have high rates of hunger and undernutrition. The comparative approach of the index means that country scores are calculated in relation to the political commitment of the other countries in the index.
Existing rates of: Stunting: 29.20% Wasting: 8.20% Proportion of population underweight: 15.60% Source: Gov. of Angola (Ministry of Health Angola, 2007)

Strong Performance

  • Government of Angola has ensured tenure security for rural populations. Land titling is common and land markets function well. Policy promotes equitable access to common property resources.
  • Angola has devised a National Nutrition Policy/Strategy.
  • Angola has introduced a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism to support delivery of the National Nutrition Policy/Strategy.
  • The Government of Angola promotes complementary feeding practices.
  • In Angola, constitutional protection of the right to social security is strong.

Areas for improvement

  • Spending on agriculture (0.83% of public spending in 2014), does not meet government commitments set out in the African Union’s Maputo Declaration (10% of public spending).
  • Angola’s spending in its health sector (5% of public spending in 2014) does not fully meet (15%) commitments set out in the Abuja Declaration.
  • In Angola, the law gives women and men equal economic rights and equal legal access to agricultural land. However, these laws are not effectively enforced and discriminatory practices against women continue, increasing their vulnerability to hunger and undernutrition.
  • Relative to other HANCI countries, Angola's medium/long term national development policy (MPLA Development Program) places weak importance to nutrition.
  • Angola does not have a separate budget line for nutrition; this prevents transparency and accountability for spending.
  • Even though Angola has developed a National Nutrition Policy/Strategy and a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism, clear time-bound nutrition targets are still lacking.
  • Policymakers in Angola do not benefit from regular nutrition surveys that are statistically representative at national level. The last survey was published in 2007.
  • The Government of Angola has not enshrined the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes into domestic law.
  • The Government of Angola has only achieved two high doses of vitamin A supplementation for 6% of children in 2014.
  • Weak access to an improved source of drinking water (49% in 2015) and an improved sanitation facility (51.6% in 2015) prevents positive outcomes for hunger and nutrition in Angola.
  • Social safety nets in Angola are basic and only cover few risks for a limited number of beneficiaries.

Hunger Reduction Commitment Index (HRCI)

Public Spending Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Public spending on agriculture as share of total public spending
Public spending on health as share of total public spending
Policies Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Access to land (security of tenure)
Access to agricultural research and extension services
Civil registration system — coverage of live births
Functioning of social protection systems
Laws Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Level of constitutional protection of the right to food
Equality of women’s access to agricultural land
In Law, not in Practice20141st
Equality of women’s economic rights
In Law, not in Practice20117th
Constitutional right to social security

Nutrition Commitment Index (NCI)

Public Spending Score Year NCI rank of 45
Separate budget for nutrition
Sectoral only201229th
Policies Score Year NCI rank of 45
Vitamin A supplementation coverage for children
Government promotes complementary feeding
Population with access to an improved water source
Population with access to improved sanitation
Health care visits for pregnant women
Nutrition features in national development policy
National Nutrition Policy/Strategy
Multisector and multistakeholder policy coordination
Time bound nutrition targets
National nutrition survey in last 3 years
Laws Score Year NCI rank of 45
Enshrine ICBMS in domestic law
Not Enshrined in Law201633rd