Key data for Angola

NCI45th HRCI35th HANCI42nd
HANCI Africa compares 45 countries for their performance on 22 indicators of political commitment to reduce hunger and undernutrition. All the countries compared in the index have high rates of hunger and undernutrition. The comparative approach of the index means that country scores are calculated in relation to the political commitment of the other countries in the index.
Existing rates of: Stunting: 29.20% Wasting: 8.20% Proportion of population underweight: 15.60% Source: Gov. of Angola (Ministry of Health Angola, 2007)

Strong Performance

  • Government of Angola has ensured tenure security for rural populations. Land titling is common and land markets function well. Policy promotes equitable access to common property resources.
  • Angola has devised a National Nutrition Policy/Strategy.
  • Angola has introduced a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism to support delivery of the National Nutrition Policy/Strategy.
  • The Government of Angola promotes complementary feeding practices.
  • In Angola, constitutional protection of the right to social security is strong.

Areas for improvement

  • Spending on agriculture (0.83% of public spending in 2014), does not meet government commitments set out in the African Union’s Maputo Declaration (10% of public spending).
  • Angola’s spending in its health sector (5% of public spending in 2014) does not fully meet (15%) commitments set out in the Abuja Declaration.
  • In Angola, the law gives women and men equal economic rights and equal legal access to agricultural land. However, these laws are not effectively enforced and discriminatory practices against women continue, increasing their vulnerability to hunger and undernutrition.
  • Relative to other HANCI countries, Angola's medium/long term national development policy (MPLA Development Program) places weak importance to nutrition.
  • Angola does not have a separate budget line for nutrition; this prevents transparency and accountability for spending.
  • Even though Angola has developed a National Nutrition Policy/Strategy and a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism, clear time-bound nutrition targets are still lacking.
  • Policymakers in Angola do not benefit from regular nutrition surveys that are statistically representative at national level. The last survey was published in 2007.
  • The Government of Angola has not enshrined the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes into domestic law.
  • The Government of Angola has only achieved two high doses of vitamin A supplementation for 6% of children in 2014.
  • Weak access to an improved source of drinking water (49% in 2015) and an improved sanitation facility (51.6% in 2015) prevents positive outcomes for hunger and nutrition in Angola.
  • Social safety nets in Angola are basic and only cover few risks for a limited number of beneficiaries.

Hunger Reduction Commitment Index (HRCI)

Public Spending Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Public spending on agriculture as share of total public spending
?
0.83%201444th
Public spending on health as share of total public spending
?
5%201444th
Policies Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Access to land (security of tenure)
?
Strong20149th
Access to agricultural research and extension services
?
Moderate201329th
Civil registration system — coverage of live births
?
35.6%200136th
Functioning of social protection systems
?
Weak201620th
Laws Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Level of constitutional protection of the right to food
?
Moderate20138th
Equality of women’s access to agricultural land
?
In Law, not in Practice20141st
Equality of women’s economic rights
?
In Law, not in Practice20117th
Constitutional right to social security
?
Yes20101st

Nutrition Commitment Index (NCI)

Public Spending Score Year NCI rank of 45
Separate budget for nutrition
?
Sectoral only201229th
Policies Score Year NCI rank of 45
Vitamin A supplementation coverage for children
?
6.0%201444th
Government promotes complementary feeding
?
Yes20101st
Population with access to an improved water source
?
49.0%201545th
Population with access to improved sanitation
?
51.6%201511th
Health care visits for pregnant women
?
79.8%200738th
Nutrition features in national development policy
?
Weak2012-201735th
National Nutrition Policy/Strategy
?
Yes20151st
Multisector and multistakeholder policy coordination
?
Yes20121st
Time bound nutrition targets
?
No201432nd
National nutrition survey in last 3 years
?
No200735th
Laws Score Year NCI rank of 45
Enshrine ICBMS in domestic law
?
Not Enshrined in Law201633rd