Key data for Algeria

NCI43rd HRCI6th HANCI30th
HANCI-Africa compares 45 African countries for their performance on 22 indicators of political commitment to reduce hunger and undernutrition. All the countries compared in the index have high rates of hunger and undernutrition. The comparative approach of the index means that country scores are calculated in relation to the political commitment of the other countries in the index.
Existing rates of: Stunting: 11.7% Wasting: 4.1% Proportion of population underweight: 4.1% Source: Government of Algeria (MICS, 2012-13)

Strong Performance

  • Algeria has devised a National Nutrition Policy/Strategy.
  • The Government of Algeria has achieved two high doses of vitamin A supplementation for 93% of children in 2005.
  • 98.7% of the population of Algeria in 2015 has access to an improved drinking water source.
  • In Algeria 92.7% of women aged 15-49 were visited at least once during pregnancy by skilled health personnel in 2012-2013.
  • In Algeria, constitutional protection of the right to social security is strong.
  • Algeria’s social safety nets are well developed, but do not cover all risks for all of the population.
  • Strong civil registration rates (99.6% in 2012-2013) potentially enable children’s access to critical public services such as health and education.

Areas for improvement

  • Spending on agriculture (4.7% of public spending in 2014), does not meet government commitments set out in the African Union’s Maputo Declaration (10% of public spending).
  • Algeria’s spending in its health sector (10.7% of public spending in 2015) does not fully meet (15%) commitments set out in the Abuja Declaration.
  • In Algeria, the law gives women and men equal economic rights and equal legal access to agricultural land. However, these laws are not effectively enforced and discriminatory practices against women continue, increasing their vulnerability to hunger and undernutrition.
  • Relative to other HANCI countries, Algeria’s medium/long term national development policy (Plan d’Action du gouvernment pour la mise en oeuvre du programme du Président de la République) places weak importance to nutrition.
  • Algeria does not have a separate budget line for nutrition; this prevents transparency and accountability for spending.
  • Even though Algeria has developed a National Nutrition Policy/Strategy, clear time-bound nutrition targets and a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism are still lacking.
  • Policymakers in Algeria do not benefit from regular nutrition surveys that are statistically representative at national level. The last survey was published in 2012-2013.
  • The Government of Algeria does not promote complementary feeding practices.

Hunger Reduction Commitment Index (HRCI)

Public Spending Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Public spending on agriculture as share of total public spending
?
4.7%201425th
Public spending on health as share of total public spending
?
10.7%2015Joint 10th
Policies Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Access to land (security of tenure)
?
Moderate200531st
Access to agricultural research and extension services
?
Moderate2004Joint 37th
Civil registration system — coverage of live births
?
99.6%2012-20131st
Functioning of social protection systems
?
Strong2016Joint 1st
Laws Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Level of constitutional protection of the right to food
?
Moderate2016Joint 8th
Equality of women’s access to agricultural land
?
In Law, not in Practice2014Joint 1st
Equality of women’s economic rights
?
In Law, not in Practice2014Joint 1st
Constitutional right to social security
?
Yes2017Joint 1st

Nutrition Commitment Index (NCI)

Public Spending Score Year NCI rank of 45
Separate budget for nutrition
?
No2017Joint 33rd
Policies Score Year NCI rank of 45
Vitamin A supplementation coverage for children
?
93%2005Joint 13th
Government promotes complementary feeding
?
No2014Joint 42nd
Population with access to an improved water source
?
98.7%20152nd
Population with access to improved sanitation
?
87.5%20153rd
Health care visits for pregnant women
?
92.7%2012-201321st
Nutrition features in national development policy
?
Weak2015-2019Joint 38th
National Nutrition Policy/Strategy
?
Yes2017Joint 1st
Multisector and multistakeholder policy coordination
?
No2017Joint 35th
Time bound nutrition targets
?
No2011Joint 39th
National nutrition survey in last 3 years
?
No2012-2013Joint 36th
Laws Score Year NCI rank of 45
Enshrine ICBMS in domestic law
?
Few Aspects Enshrined2016Joint 28th