Key data for Algeria

NCI42nd HRCI14th HANCI31st
HANCI Africa compares 45 countries for their performance on 22 indicators of political commitment to reduce hunger and undernutrition. All the countries compared in the index have high rates of hunger and undernutrition. The comparative approach of the index means that country scores are calculated in relation to the political commitment of the other countries in the index.
Existing rates of: Stunting: 11.70% Wasting: 4.10% Proportion of population underweight: 3.00% Source: Gov. of Algeria (MICS, 2012)

Strong Performance

  • Algeria has devised a National Nutrition Policy/Strategy.
  • Policymakers in Algeria benefit from regular nutrition surveys that are statistically representative at national level. The last survey was published in 2012-2013.
  • The Government of Algeria has achieved two high doses of vitamin A supplementation for 93% of children in 2005.
  • In Algeria 92.7% of women aged 15-49 were visited at least once during pregnancy by skilled health personnel in 2013.
  • In Algeria, constitutional protection of the right to social security is strong.
  • Algeria ’s social safety nets are well developed, but do not cover all risks for all of the population.
  • Strong civil registration rates (99.4% in 2006) potentially enable children’s access to critical public services such as health and education.

Areas for improvement

  • Spending on agriculture (4.72% of public spending in 2014), does not meet government commitments set out in the African Union’s Maputo Declaration (10% of public spending).
  • Algeria’s spending in its health sector (9.9% of public spending in 2014) does not fully meet (15%) commitments set out in the Abuja Declaration.
  • In Algeria, the law gives women and men equal economic rights and equal legal access to agricultural land. However, these laws are not effectively enforced and discriminatory practices against women continue, increasing their vulnerability to hunger and undernutrition.
  • Relative to other HANCI countries, Algeria's medium/long term national development policy (Plan d'Action du gouvernment pour la mise en oeuvre du programme du Président de la République) places weak importance to nutrition.
  • Algeria does not have a separate budget line for nutrition; this prevents transparency and accountability for spending.
  • Even though Algeria has developed a National Nutrition Policy/Strategy, clear time-bound nutrition targets and a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism are still lacking.
  • The Government of Algeria does not promote complementary feeding practices.
  • In Algeria, constitutional protection of the right to food is weak.

Hunger Reduction Commitment Index (HRCI)

Public Spending Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Public spending on agriculture as share of total public spending
?
4.72%201423rd
Public spending on health as share of total public spending
?
9.9%201422nd
Policies Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Access to land (security of tenure)
?
Moderate200529th
Access to agricultural research and extension services
?
Moderate200437th
Civil registration system — coverage of live births
?
99.4%20061st
Functioning of social protection systems
?
Strong20161st
Laws Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Level of constitutional protection of the right to food
?
Weak201131st
Equality of women’s access to agricultural land
?
In Law, not in Practice20141st
Equality of women’s economic rights
?
In Law, not in Practice20117th
Constitutional right to social security
?
Yes20061st

Nutrition Commitment Index (NCI)

Public Spending Score Year NCI rank of 45
Separate budget for nutrition
?
Sectoral only201429th
Policies Score Year NCI rank of 45
Vitamin A supplementation coverage for children
?
93.0%200518th
Government promotes complementary feeding
?
No201442nd
Population with access to an improved water source
?
83.6%201514th
Population with access to improved sanitation
?
87.6%20153rd
Health care visits for pregnant women
?
92.7%201322nd
Nutrition features in national development policy
?
Weak2015 - 201935th
National Nutrition Policy/Strategy
?
Yes20151st
Multisector and multistakeholder policy coordination
?
No200036th
Time bound nutrition targets
?
No201132nd
National nutrition survey in last 3 years
?
Yes2012-20131st
Laws Score Year NCI rank of 45
Enshrine ICBMS in domestic law
?
Few Aspects Enshrined201628th